Summary: Protoplasts were prepared from and some serotypes by use of lysozyme (EC under particular conditions: cells had to be grown in DL-threonine (20 mM) and harvested in early exponential phase. The efficiency of protoplast formation was enhanced by two additional steps: plasmolysis (in 12% PEG), prior to addition of lysozyme, and a swirling phase, after the enzymic action. This procedure allowed us to obtain clean protoplasts, with only 0.5% contamination by bacterial cell walls. Up to 90% protoplast lysis was obtained in 0.5 M-NaCl. Cytoplasmic membrane purification was achieved by centrifugation on a glycerol cushion.


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