Summary: Salmonella isolates belonging to different serogroups have been analysed with respect to physicochemical surface properties and interaction with human polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMNs). Most (22/34) recent isolates of the different serotypes showed hydrophilic surface properties and little if any negative charge accompanied by resistance to phagocytosis by PMN similar to the old laboratory S strains 395MS and S99 (main group). However, all isolates belonging to the serogroups Cl (5 isolates), E4 (2), O43 (1), and one out of three E1 isolates (C1/E4 group) differed from the main group. In aqueous biphasic partition in dextran-polyethyleneglycol (PEG) systems the bacteria in the main group accumulated in the PEG-rich phase to 55-97%, those in the C1/E4 group to less than 10%, and R-mutants only to 1-2%.

The bacteria in the C1/E4 group displayed a negative surface charge and a susceptibility to phagocytosis by PMNs that were greater than those for strains in the main group but much lower than those shown by the R-mutants. Bacteria belonging to serogroup C1 also displayed a significant susceptibility to hydrophobic interaction. The results are discussed in relation to the pathogenicity of salmonella.


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