1887

Abstract

The peptidoglycan of and ‘’ contained lysine as the dibasic amino acid. In addition, glutamic acid and alanine were detected in the hydrolysates. Thin-layer chromatographic analysis of whole-organism methanolysates of and ‘’ revealed the presence of single spots corresponding to simple non-hydroxylated fatty acid methyl esters. The major fatty acid structural types were straight-chain and monounsaturated acids. Menaquinones (vitamin K) were the sole respiratory quinones detected in and ‘’. The major menaquinone components in were tetrahydrogenated with ten isoprene units. Tetrahydrogenated menaquinones with nine isoprene units, however, predominated in ‘’. The results of the present study indicate that and ‘’ should be excluded from the genus can be accommodated in the genus but the taxonomic position of ‘’ remains equivocal.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-128-2-335
1982-02-01
2021-10-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/128/2/mic-128-2-335.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-128-2-335&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Ackman R. G. 1969; Gas-liquid chromatography of fatty acids and esters. Methods in Enzymology 14:330–381
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Barksdale L. 1970; Corynebacterium diphtheriae and its relatives. Bacteriological Reviews 34:378–422
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Barksdale W. L., Li K., Cummins C. S., Harris H. 1957; The mutation of Corynebacterium pyogenes to Corynebacterium haemolyticum. . Journal of General Microbiology 16:749–758
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Brian B. L., Gardner E. W. 1968; A simple procedure for detecting the presence of cyclopropane fatty acids in bacterial lipids. Applied Microbiology 16:549–552
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Collins M. D., Jones D. 1979a; The distribution of isoprenoid quinones in streptococci of serological groups D and N. Journal of General Microbiology 114:27–33
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Collins M. D., Jones D. 1979b; The distribution of isoprenoid quinones in streptococci of serological group D. In Pathogenic Streptococci: Proceedings of the VII Symposium on Streptococci and Streptococcal Diseases pp. 249250 Parker M. T. Edited by Chertsey, Surrey:: Reedbooks.;
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Collins M. D., Jones D. 1980; Lipids in the classification and identification of coryneform bacteria containing peptidoglycans based on 2,4-diaminobutyric acid. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 48:459–470
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Collins M. D., Pirouz T., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D. E. 1977; Distribution of mena-quinones in actinomycetes and related bacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 100:221–230
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Collins M. D., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D. E. 1979; Isoprenoid quinones in the classification of coryneform and related bacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 110:127–136
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Collins M. D., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D. E. 1980a; Fatty acid, isoprenoid quinone and polar lipid composition in the classification of Curto-bacterium and related taxa. Journal of General Microbiology 118:29–37
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Collins M. D., Shah H. N., Minnikin D. E. 1980b; A note on the separation of natural mixtures of bacterial menaquinones using reverse phase thin-layer chromatography. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 48:277–282
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Crombach W. H. J. 1978; DNA base ratios and DNA hybridization studies of coryneform bacteria, mycobacteria and nocardiae. In Coryneform Bacteria pp. 159–179 Bousfield I. J., Callely A. G. Edited by London:: Academic Press.;
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Cummins C. S., Harris H. 1956; The chemical composition of the cell wall in some Gram-positive bacteria and its possible value as a taxonomic character. Journal of General Microbiology 14:583–600
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Cummins C. S., Lelliott R. A., Rogosa M. 1974; Genus Corynebacterium. . In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th. pp. 602–617 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Edited by Baltimore:: Williams & Wilkins.;
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Dunphy P. J., Brodie A. F. 1971; The structure and function of quinones in respiratory metabolism. Methods in Enzymology 18:407–461
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Goodfellow M., Collins M. D., Minnikin D. E. 1976; Thin-layer chromatographic analysis of mycolic acid and other long-chain components in whole-organism methanolysates of coryneform and related taxa. Journal of General Microbiology 96:351–358
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Johnson R. L., Cummins C. S. 1972; Cell wall composition and deoxyribonucleic acid similarities among the anaerobic coryneforms, classical propionibacteria and strains of Arachniapropionica. . Journal of Bacteriology 109:1047–1066
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Jones D. 1975; A numerical study of coryneform and related bacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 87:52–96
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Keddie R. M., Cure G. L. 1977; The cell wall composition and distribution of free mycolic acids in named strains of coryneform bacteria and in isolates from various natural sources. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 42:229–252
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Keddie R. M., Cure G. L. 1978; Cell wall composition of coryneform bacteria. In Coryneform Bacteria pp. 47–83 Bousfield I. J., Callely A. G. Edited by London:: Academic Press.;
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Kroppenstedt R. M., Kutzner H. J. 1978; Biochemical taxonomy of some problem actinomycetes. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene (Abteilung I) Supplement 6:125–133
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Lechevalier M. P. 1977; Lipids in bacterial taxonomy-a taxonomist’s view. CRC Critical Reviews in Microbiology 5(2):109–210
    [Google Scholar]
  23. MacLean P. D., Liebow A. A., Rosenberg A. A. 1946; A haemolytic corynebacterium resembling Corynebacterium ovis and Corynebacterium pyogenes in man. Journal of Infectious Diseases 79:69–90
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Minnikin D. E., Alshamaony L., Goodfellow M. 1975; Differentiation of Mycobacterium, Nocardia and related taxa by thin-layer chromatographic analysis of whole-organism methanolysates. Journal of General Microbiology 88:200–204
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Minnikin D. E., Goodfellow M., Collins M. D. 1978; Lipid composition in the classification and identification of coryneform and related taxa. In Coryneform Bacteria pp. 85–160 Bousfield I. J., Callely A. G. Edited by London:: Academic Press.;
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Moss C. W., Dowell V. R., Farshtchi D., Raines L. J., Cherry W. B. 1969; Cultural characteristics and fatty acid composition of propioni-bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 97:561–570
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Schleifer K. H., Kandler O. 1972; Peptidoglycan types of bacterial cell walls and their taxonomic implication. Bacteriological Reviews 36:407–477
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Schwartz A. C. 1973; Terpenoid quinones of the anaerobic Propionibacterium shermanii. I. (II, III)-Tetrahydromenaquinone-9. Archiv für Mikro-biologie 91:273–279
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Skerman V. B. D., McGowan V., Sneath P. H. A. 1980; Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 30:225–420
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Slack J. M., Gerencser M. A. 1975 Actinomyces, Filamentous Bacteria. Minneapolis:: Burgess Publishing Co.;
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Sone N. 1974; Isolation of a novel menaquinone with a partially hydrogenated side chain from Propionibacterium arabinosum. . Journal of Biochemistry 76:133–136
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Wilson G. S., Miles A. A. 1975 Topley & Wilson’s Principles of Bacteriology and Immunity 2:, 6th. London:: Arnold.;
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Yamada Y., Inouye G., Tahara Y., Kondo K. 1976; The menaquinone system in the classification of coryneform and nocardioform bacteria and related organisms. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 22:203–214
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-128-2-335
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-128-2-335
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error