Some aspects of protein biosynthesis were investigated in extracts of the obligate intracellular bacterium Sucrose gradient analysis revealed small quantities of 30S and 50S ribosomal subunits, few 70S ribosomes and no polysomes. Functional endogenous mRNA was not detected. In translation of exogenously added poly(U), extracts required Mg (17 mM) and NH (60 mM) for optimal polyphenylalanine synthesis; the optimum Mg requirement differed from that of The translation of coli-phage Qβ RNA by extracts required Mg (13 mM), NH (60 mM) and an energy source for polypeptide synthesis, and was sensitive to chloramphenicol but not to cycloheximide. Under optimal conditions, the translation of Qβ RNA proceeded at a rate and to an extent equal to that obtained in a conventional system. Electrophoretic analysis of translation products made during incubation of extracts with polycistronic Qβ RNA revealed a major product with a molecular weight of about 14000; this product co-electrophoresed with the coat protein extracted from Qβ phage propagated in The results suggested that the extracellular form of the rickettsia-like organism, , possessed the full array of components necessary for the initiation, elongation and termination of polypeptides.


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