Summary: A methylglyoxal-resistant mutant of B excreted glutathione into the growth medium, especially during growth on medium containing methylglyoxal. In the presence of methylglyoxal, the total amount of glutathione excreted was increased about 50-fold over that of the wild-type strain. The resistant mutant had high activities of two enzyme systems: a glutathione-forming enzyme system (consisting of γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase and glutathione synthetase) and a glyoxalase system (consisting of glyoxalase I and glyoxalase II). Methylglyoxal resistance appeared to be due to the simultaneous increase in the activities of these two enzyme systems.


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