1887

Abstract

Fifteen endospore-forming, mesophilic, denitrifying cultures were isolated from tropical soil samples by anaerobic enrichment culture in peptone medium containing nitrite. The cultures are of the second morphological group of the genus and contain 39·1 to 41·5 mol% GC in their DNA. They are, however, phenotypically quite heterogeneous and differ from all previously described species. Seven of the new isolates can grow anaerobically with nitric oxide as the terminal electron acceptor, a character not previously observed in any bacterium.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-115-2-419
1979-12-01
2021-07-29
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/115/2/mic-115-2-419.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-115-2-419&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bailey J. L. 1967 Techniques in Protein Chemistry, 2nd edn. pp. 346–347 London & New York: Elsevier;
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Broadbent F. E., Clark F. 1965; Denitrification. In Soil Nitrogen pp. 344–359 Bartholomew W. V., Clark F. E. Edited by Madison: American Society of Agronomy;
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bulla L. A., Gilmour C. M., Bollen W. B. 1970; Non-biological reduction of nitrite in soil. Nature; London: 225664
    [Google Scholar]
  4. de Barjac H., Bonnefoi A. 1972; Essai de classification biochimique de 64 ‘Bacillus’ des groupes II et III représentant 11 espèces différentes. Annates de l’Institut Pasteur 122:463–473
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Garcia J. -L. 1974; Réduction de l’oxyde nitreux dans les sols de rizières du Sénégal: mesure de l’activité dénitrifiante. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 6:79–84
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Garcia J. -L., Pichinoty F., Mandel M., Greenway B. 1977; A new denitrifying sapro-phyte related to Pseudomonas pickettii . Annales de Microbiologie 128A:229–237
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Gibson T., Gordon R. E. 1974; Genus 1. Bacillus Cohn 1872 174; nom.gen.cons. Nomencl. Comm. Intern. Soc. Microbiol. 1937, 28; Opin. A. Jud. Comm. 1955, 39. In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn. pp. 529–550 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Edited by Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Gordon R. E., Haynes W. C., Pang C. H. -N. 1973; The genus Bacillus . Agriculture Handbook427 Washington: United States Department of Agriculture;
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Haddock B. A., Jones C. W. 1977; Bacterial respiration. Bacteriological Reviews 41:47–99
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Hestrin S., Feingold D. S., Schramm M. 1955; Hexoside hydrolases. Methods in Enzymology 1:231–257
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Hong M. M., Shen S. C., Braunstein A. E. 1959; Distribution of l-alanine dehydrogenase and l-glutamate dehydrogenase in bacilli. Biochimica et biophysica acta 36:288–289
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Hugh R., Leifson E. 1953; The taxonomic significance of fermentative versus oxidative metabolism of carbohydrates by various Gram negative bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 66:24–26
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Kovacs N. 1956; Identification of Pseudomonas pyocyanea by the oxidase reaction. Nature; London: 178703
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Law J. H., Slepecky R. A. 1961; Assay of poly-β-hydroxybutyric acid. Journal of Bacteriology 82:33–36
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Lemberg R., Barrett J. 1973; Bacterial cytochromes and cytochrome oxidases. In Cytochromec pp. 217–326 London & New York: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Liaaen-Jensen S., Jensen A. 1971; Quantitative determination of carotenoids in photosynthetic tissues. Methods in Enzymology 23A:586–602
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Mandel M., Schildkraut C. L., Marmur J. 1968; Use of CsCl density gradient analysis for determining the guanine plus cytosine content of DNA. Methods in Enzymology 12B:184–195
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Marmur J. 1961; A procedure for the isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from micro-organisms. Journal of Molecular Biology 3:208–218
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Miyata M., Mori T. 1968; Studies on denitri-fication. VIII. Production of nitric oxide by denitrifying reaction in the presence of tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine. Journal of Biochemistry 64:849–861
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Payne W. J. 1973; Reduction of nitrogenous oxides by microorganisms. Bacteriological Reviews 37:409–452
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Pichinoty F. 1973; La réduction bactérienne des composés oxygénés minéraux de l’azote. Bulletin de l’Institut Pasteur, Paris 71:317–395
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Pichinoty F., Piéchaud M. 1968; Recherche des nitrate-réductases bactériennes A et B: méthodes. Annales de l’Institut Pasteur 114:77–98
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Pichinoty F., Bigliardi-Rouvier J., Mandel M., Greenway B., Méténier G., Garcia J. -L. 1976a; The isolation and properties of a denit-rifying bacterium of the genus Flavobacterium . Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 42:349–354
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Pichinoty F., de Barjac H., Mandel M., Greenway B., Garcia J. -L. 1976b; Une nouvelle bactérie sporulée, dénitrifiante, mésophile: Bacillus azotoformans n.sp. Annales de Microbiologie 127B:351–361
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Pichinoty F., Mandel M., Garcia J. -L. 1977a; Etude de six souches de Agrobacterium tumefaciens et A. radiobacter . Annales de Microbiologie 128A:303–310
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Pichinoty F., Mandel M., Garcia J. -L. 1977b; Etude physiologique et taxonomique de Paracoccus denitrificans . Annales de Microbiologie 128B:243–251
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Pichinoty F., Mandel M., Greenway B., Garcia J. -L. 1977c; Etude de 14 bactéries dénitrifiantes appartenant au groupe Pseudomonas stutzeri isolées du sol par culture d’enrichissement en présence d’oxyde nitreux. Annales de Microbiologie 128A:75–87
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Pichinoty F., Mandel M., Greenway B., Garcia J. -L. 1977; Isolation and properties of a denitrifying bacterium related to Pseudomonas lemoignei . International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 27:346–348
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Pichinoty F., Durand M., Job C., Mandel M., Garcia J. -L. 1978a; Etude morphologique, physiologique et taxonomique de Bacillus azotoformans . Canadian Journal of Microbiology 24:608–617
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Pichinoty F., Garcia J. -L., Job C., Durand M. 1978b; La dénitrification chez Bacillus licheniformis . Canadian Journal of Microbiology 24:45–49
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Pichinoty F., Garcia J. -L., Mandel M., Job C., Durand M. 1978c; Isolement de bactéries utilisant en anaérobiose l’oxyde nitrique comme accepteur d’éiectrons respiratoire. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l’Académie des Sciences, Série D 286:1403–1405
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Pichinoty F., Véron M., Mandel M., Durand M., Job C., Garcia J. -L. 1978c; Etude physiologique et taxonomique du genre Alcaligenes: A. denitrificans A. odorans et A. faecalis . Canadian Journal of Microbiology 24:743–753
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Rhodes M. E. 1958; The cytology of Pseudomonas spp. as revealed by a silver-plating staining method. Journal of General Microbiology 18:639–648
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Rider B. F., Mellon M. G. 1946; Colorimetric determination of nitrites. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 18:96–99
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Sanwal B. D., Zink M. W. 1961; l-Leucine dehydrogenase of Bacillus cereus . Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 94:430–435
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Schildkraut C. L., Marmur J., Doty P. 1962; Determination of the base composition of deoxyribonucleic acid from its buoyant density in CsCl. Journal of Molecular Biology 4:430–433
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Skerman V. B. D. 1967 A Guide to the Identification of the Genera of Bacteria, 2nd edn. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Stanier R. Y., Palleroni N. J., Doudoroff M. 1966; The aerobic pseudomonads: a taxonomic study. Journal of General Microbiology 43:159–271
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Verhoeven W. 1952 Aerobic sporeforming nitrate reducing bacteria Thèse Delft: Uitgeverij Waltman;
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Weedon B. C. L. 1965; Chemistry of the carotenoids. In Chemistry and Biochemistry of Plant Pigments pp. 75–125 Goodwin T. W. Edited by London & New York: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-115-2-419
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-115-2-419
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error