1887

Abstract

Summary: The isoprenoid quinone contents of streptococci of serological groups D and N were investigated. subsp. and subsp. strains contained demethylmenaquinones with nine isoprene units as their major isoprenologues. Menaquinones with eight isoprene units predominated in subsp. and S. subsp. whereas menaquinones with nine isoprene units constituted the major components in strains of subsp. and subsp. Strains of and contained neither menaquinones nor ubiquinones. The isoprenoid quinone data correlate well with other kinds of data on these organisms and are of value in the classification of these bacteria.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-114-1-27
1979-09-01
2021-07-27
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/114/1/mic-114-1-27.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-114-1-27&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Baum R.H., Dolin M.I. 1963; Isolation of a new naphthoquinone from Streptococcus faecalis10C1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 238:PC4109–4111
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Baum R.H., Dolin M.I. 1965; Isolation of 2-solanesyl-1,4-naphthoquinone from Streptococcus faecalis, 10C1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 240:3425–3433
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Beebe J.L. 1974; Lipid composition of Neisseria catarrhalis . Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology p. 45
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bishop D.H.L., Pandya K.P., King H.K. 1962; Ubiquinone and vitamin K in bacteria. Biochemical Journal 83:606–614
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Brodie A.F., Watanabe T. 1966; Mode of action of vitamin K in micro-organisms. Vitamins and Hormones 24:447–463
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bryan-Jones D.G., Whittenbury R. 1969; Haematin-dependent oxidative phosphorylation in Streptococcus faecalis . Journal of General Microbiology 58:247–260
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Buchanan R.E., Gibbons N.E. (editors) 1974 Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.;
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Collins M.D., Pirouz T., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D.E. 1977; Distribution of menaquinones in actinomycetes and corynebacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 100:221–230
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Collins M.D., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D.E. 1979a; Isoprenoid quinones in the classification of coryneform and related bacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 110:127–136
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Collins M.D., Jones D., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D.E. 1919b; Isoprenoid quinonecom-position as a guide to the classification of Listeria, Brochothrix, Erysipelothrix and Caryophanon . Journal of General Microbiology 111:453–457
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Deibel R.H. 1964; The group D streptococci. Bacteriological Reviews 28:330–366
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Deibel R.H., Seeley H.W. 1974; Streptococ-caceae fam. nov. In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th. pp. 490–509 Buchanan R.E., Gibbons N.E. Edited by Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.;
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Dolin M.I., Baum R.H. 1965; Evidence of thioether formation between 2-solanesyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and 2-mercaptoethanol. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 18:202–205
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Dunphy P.J., Brodie A.F. 1971; The structure and function of quinones in respiratory metabolism. Methods in Enzymology 18:407–461
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Gallin J.I., Vandemark P.J. 1964; Evidence for oxidative phosphorylation in Streptococcus faecalis.. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 17:630–635
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Garvie E.I. 1978; Streptococcus raffinolactis(Orla-Jensen & Hansen); a group N streptococcus found in raw milk. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28:190–193
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Jones D. 1978; Composition and differentiation of the genus Streptococcus.. In Streptococci pp. 1–49 Skinner F.A., Quesnel L.B. Edited by London: Academic Press.;
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Jones D., Sackin M.J., Sneath P.H.A. 1972; A numerical taxonomic study of streptococci of serological group D. Journal of General Microbiology 72:439–450
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Lancefield R.C. 1933; A serological differentiation of human and other groups of hemolytic streptococci. Journal of Experimental Medicine 57:571–595
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Langston C.W., Guttierrez J., Bouma C. 1960; Motile enterococci (Streptococcus faecium var.mobilis var. N) isolated from grass silage. Journal of Bacteriology 80:714–718
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Lund B.M. 1967; A study of some motile group D streptococci. Journal of General Microbiology 49:67–80
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Matuszewski T., Pijanowski E., Supinska J. 1936; Streptococcus diacetilactis n.sp. and its application to butter making. Roczników Nauk Rolniczych I Lésnych (Polish Agricultural and Forestry Annual) 36:1–28
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Minnikin D.E., Collins M.D., Goodfellow M. 1978a; Menaquinone patterns in the classification of nocardioform and related bacteria. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene (Abteilung I) Supplement 6:85–90
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Minnikin D.E., Goodfellow M., Collins M.D. 1978b; Lipid composition in the classification and identification of coryneform and related taxa. In Coryneform Bacteria pp. 85–160 Bousfield I.J., Callely A.G. Edited by London: Academic Press.;
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Mundt J.O., Graham W.F. 1968; Streptococcus faecium var.casseliflavus nov.var. Journal of Bacteriology 95:2005–2009
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Pennock J.F. 1966; Occurrence of vitamins K and related quinones. Vitamins and Hormones 24:307–329
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Pette J.W. 1955; De vorming van zwatelwater-stof in Goudse Kaas, veroorzaakt door melkzu-urbacterien. Netherlands Milk and Dairy Journal 10:291–302
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Pritchard G.G., Wimpenny J.W.T. 1978; Cytochrome formation, oxygen-induced proton extrusion and respiratory activity in Streptococcus faecalis var.zymogenes grown in the presence of haematin. Journal of General Microbiology 104:15–22
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Redfearn E.R. 1966; Mode of action of ubiquinones (coenzyme Q) in electron transport systems. Vitamins and Hormones 24:465–488
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Reyn A. 1970; Taxonomic position of Neisseria haemolysans (Thjotta & Boe, 1938). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 20:19–22
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Reyn A. 1974; Gemella. In Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th. pp. 516–517 Buchanan R.E., Gibbons N.E. Edited by Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.;
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Reyn A., Birch-Anderson A., Berger U. 1970; Fine structure and taxonomic position of Neisseria haemolysans (Thjotta & Boe, 1938) or Gemella haemolysans (Berger, 1960). Acta patho-logica et microbiologica scandinavica 78:375–389
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Ritchey T.W., Seeley H.W. 1974; Cytochromes in Streptococcus faecalis var.zymogenes grown in haematin-containing medium. Journal of General Microbiology 85:220–228
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Ritchey T.W., Seeley H.W. 1976; Distribution of cytochrome-like respiration in streptococci. Journal of General Microbiology 93:195–203
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Roop D.R., Mundt J.O., Riggsby W.S. 1974; Deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization studies among some strains of Group D and Group N streptococci. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 24:330–337
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Shattock P.M.F., Mattick A.T.R. 1943; The serological grouping of Streptococcus lactis(Group N) and its relationships to Streptococcus faecalis.. Journal of Hygiene 43:173–188
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Sherman J.M., Wing H.U. 1937; Streptococcus durans n.sp. Journal of Dairy Science 20:165–167
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Sijpesteijn A.K. 1970; Induction of cytochrome formation and stimulation of oxidative dissimilation by haemin in Streptococcus faecalis and Leuconostoc mesenteroides.. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 36:335–348
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Smalley A.J., Jahrling P., Van Demark P.J. 1968; Molar growth yields as evidence for oxidative phosphorylation in Streptococcus faecalis strain 10C1. Journal of Bacteriology 96:1595–1600
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Whittenbury R. 1964; Hydrogen peroxide formation and catalase activity in the lactic acid bacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 35:13–26
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Whittenbury R. 1978; Biochemical characteristics of Streptococcus species. In Streptococci pp. 51–69 Skinner F.A., Quesnel L.B. Edited by London: Academic Press.;
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Wilkinson B.J., Jones D. 1977; A numerical taxonomic survey of Listeria and related bacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 98:399–421
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Yamada Y., Inouye G., Tahara Y., Kondo K. 1976a; The menaquinone system in the classification of coryneform and nocardioform bacteria and related organisms. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 22:203–214
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Yamada Y., Inouye G., Tahara Y., Kondo K. 1976b; The menaquinone system in the classification of aerobic Gram-positive cocci in the genera Micrococcus, Staphylococcus, Planococcus and Sporosarcina.. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 22:227–236
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-114-1-27
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-114-1-27
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error