Summary: A series of mutants of 12 resistant to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-specific bacteriophages were isolated, and examined with regard to their general properties, phage typing, chemical analysis of their LPS, and genetic analysis. Fourteen classes of mutants were distinguished on the basis of phage typing and sensitivity to bile salts. Three of the mutant classes are sensitive to phages to which the parent is resistant. Mutants which are sensitive to bile salts generally lack heptose in their LPS, but two mutant classes are exceptions to this rule. Analyses of the sugars in the purified LPS of all mutant classes indicated that mutants were obtained which are blocked at most stages in core polysaccharide synthesis. On the basis of the chemical analysis, in conjunction with phage typing data and other known properties of the mutants, it is deduced which residue(s) is involved as a receptor for each of the phages used and which residues hinder these receptors. Some of the mutant classes do not seem to be changed in their LPS structure. Many of the mutations map in or near the locus, but some are far removed from this region.


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