1887

Abstract

Introduction. Aureobasidium pullulans is a dematiaceous, yeast-like fungus that is ubiquitous in nature and can colonize human hair and skin. It has been implicated clinically as causing skin and soft tissue infections, meningitis, splenic abscesses and peritonitis. We present, to our knowledge, the second case of isolation of this organism in a patient with AIDS along with a review of the literature on human infection with A. pullulans.

Case presentation. A 49-year-old man with advanced AIDS and a history of recurrent oesophageal candidiasis was admitted with nausea with vomiting, and odynophagia. He was treated as having a recurrence of oesophageal candidiasis. Given prior Candida albicans isolate susceptibilities and chronic suppression with fluconazole, he was started on micafungin with eventual improvement in his symptoms. A positive blood culture from admission was initially reported to be growing yeast, but four days later the isolate was recognized as a dematiaceous fungus. The final identification of A. pullulans was not available until 1 month after admission. He had completed a 3-week course of micafungin prior to the identification of the isolate, and repeat cultures were negative.

Conclusion. A. pullulans fungemia is rare but can occur in patients with immune suppression or indwelling catheters. The significance of isolating A. pullulans from a blood culture in terms of whether it is the causative agent of a state of disease often cannot be determined because skin colonization is possible. Further work is needed to clarify the clinical implications of A. pullulans fungemia.

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/content/journal/jmmcr/10.1099/jmmcr.0.005144
2018-03-14
2019-10-22
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