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Abstract

Introduction:

Cryptococcal infection is the second most common life‐threatening, opportunistic infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)‐infected individuals after . Most cryptococcal infections start in the respiratory tract and secondarily involve the central nervous system, skin and bone marrow but rarely disseminate to lymph nodes.

Case presentation:

Cases of disseminated cryptococcal lymphadenitis with or without meningitis have been reported in HIV‐infected as well as immunocompetent HIV‐negative individuals. Here, we report a rare case of isolated cervical cryptococcal lymphadenitis without meningitis in an immunocompetent HIV‐negative child diagnosed by fine‐needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of the involved lymph nodes.

Conclusion:

Clinical presentations of extrapulmonary cryptococcosis in HIV‐positive hosts are variable and vague. The present case scenario proves that the same might also be true for HIV‐negative individuals. FNAC is a quick, feasible, economical and reliable method for the diagnosis of cryptococcal lymphadenitis when correlated with microbiological, biochemical and histopathological examinations.

  • This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
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2014-09-01
2021-10-16
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