is a newly described species member of the complex.

Case presentation:

We have described a case of chronic tenosynovitis caused by using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The infection was associated with trauma and foreign‐body introduction in an otherwise healthy patient.


appears to have worldwide distribution and has the ability to cause disease similar to other members of the complex.

  • This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Chapman S.J., Hill A.V.S. ( 2012). Human genetic susceptibility to infectious disease. Nat Rev Genetics 13:175–188
    [Google Scholar]
  2. CLSI( 2011). Susceptibility Testing of Mycobacteria, Nocardiae, and Other Aerobic Actinomycetes 2nd edn. Approved Standard M24‐A2 Wayne, PA: Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute;
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Hong S.K., Sung J.Y., Lee H.J., Oh M.D., Park S.S., Kim E.C. ( 2013). First case of Mycobacterium longobardum infection. Ann Lab Med 33:356–359 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Kasperbauer S., Huitt G. ( 2013). Management of extrapulmonary nontuberculosis mycobacterial infections. Semin Respir Crit Care Med 34:143–150 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Richmond L., Cummings M.M. ( 1950). An evaluation of methods of testing the virulence of acid‐fast bacilli. Am Rev Tuberc 62:632–637
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Ridderhof J.C., Wallace R.J., Kilburn J.O., Butler W.R., Warren N.G., Tsukamura M., Steele L.C., Wong E.S. ( 1991). Chronic tenosynovitis of the hand due to Mycobacterium nonchromogenicum: use of high‐performance liquid chromatography for identification of isolates. Rev Infect Dis 13:857–864 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Smith D.S., Lindholm‐Levy P., Huitt G.A., Heifets L.B., Cook J.L. ( 2000). Mycobacterium terrae: case reports, literature review, and in vitro antibiotic susceptibility testing. Clin Infect Dis 30:444–453 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Tortoli E., Gitti Z., Klenk H.P., Lauria S., Mannino R., Mantegani P., Mariottini A., Neonakis I. ( 2013). Survey of 150 strains belonging to the Mycobacterium terrae complex and description of Mycobacterium engbaekii sp. nov., Mycobacterium heraklionense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium longobardum sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 63:401–411 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Wayne L.G. ( 1985). The “atypical” mycobacteria: recognition and disease association. Crit Rev Microbiol 212:185–222 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Wayne L.G., Kubica G.P. ( 1986). Genus Mycobacteria . In Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology vol. 21436–1457 Edited by Sneath P. H. A., Mair N. S., Sharpe M. E., Holt J. G. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error