1887

Abstract

Introduction:

is a capnophilic Gram‐negative bacillus normally residing intra‐orally in humans, and may be associated with opportunistic infections in the immunocompromised. A case of early‐onset neonatal sepsis is described, which has only rarely been reported as a cause of premature birth and neonatal septicaemia.

Case presentation:

This case report focuses on the rare presentation of a microbe, , causing pre‐term labour, early neonatal septicaemia and maternal chorioamnionitis. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first case report of such a presentation in New Zealand. This case helps to demonstrate the contrast between the stormy clinical course in the newborn and the silent asymptomatic presentations in the mother.

Conclusion:

spp. normally reside in the human oral cavity and have been associated with the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. They have also been reported in wounds in humans inflicted by animal bites, and in a wide spectrum of opportunistic infections in the immunocompromised. Only rarely have spp. been attributed as a cause associated with pre‐term birth, early neonatal septicaemia or chorioamnionitis.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmmcr/10.1099/jmmcr.0.001099
2014-09-01
2021-08-04
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmmcr/1/3/jmmcr001099.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmmcr/10.1099/jmmcr.0.001099&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bonatti H., Rossboth D.W., Nachbaur D.W., Fille D.M., Aspöck C., Hend I., Hourmont K., White L., Malnick H., Allerberger F.J. ( 2003). A series of infections due to Capnocytophaga spp in immunosuppressed and immunocompetent patients. Clin Microbiol Infect 9:380–7 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Douvier S., Nenwinth C., Fillipuzzi L., Kisterman J.P. ( 1999). Chorioamnionitis with intact membranes caused by Capnocytophaga sputigena . Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 83:109–112 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Goldenberg R.L., Hauth J.C., Andrews W.W. ( 2000). Intrauterine infection and preterm delivery. N Engl J Med 342:1500–1507 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Gomez‐Garces J.L., Alos J.I., Sanchez J., Cogollos R. ( 1994). Bacteremia by multidrug‐resistant Capnocytophaga sputigena . J Clin Microbiol 32:1067–1069
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Hansen L.M., Dorsey T.A., Batzer F.A., Donnerfeld A.E. ( 1996). Capnocytophaga chorioamnionitis after oral sex. Obstet Gynecol 88:731 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Howlett A.A., Mailman T.L., Ganapathy V. ( 2007). Early cystic lung disease in a premature neonate with perinatally acquired Capnocytophaga . J Perinatol 27:68–70 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Huck O., Tenenbaum H., Davideau J.L. ( 2011). Relationship between periodontal diseases and preterm birth: recent epidemiological and biological data. J Pregnancy 2011:164654 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Iralu J.V., Roberts D., Kazanjian P.H. ( 1993). Chorioamnionitis caused by Capnocytophaga: case report and review. Clin Infect Dis 17:457–461 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Lopez E., Raymond J., Patkai J., El Ayoubi M., Schmitz T., Moriette G., Jarreau P.H. ( 2010). Capnocytophaga species and preterm birth: case series and review of the literature. Clin Microbiol Infect 16:1539–1543 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Mekouar H., Voortman G., Bernard P., Hutchings G., Boeras A., Rodriguez‐Villalobos H. ( 2012). Capnocytophaga species and perinatal infections: case report and review of the literature. Acta Clin Belg 67:42–45
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Mikamo H., Kawazoe K., Sato Y., Izumi K., Tamaya T. ( 1996). Intra‐amniotic infection caused by Capnocytophaga species. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 4:301–302
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Sbordone L., Bortolaia C. ( 2003). Oral microbial biofilms and plaque‐related diseases: microbial communities and their role in the shift from oral health to disease. Clin Oral Invest 7:181–188 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Sébastien M., Leblanc T., Rousselot P., Legrand P., Arlet G., Cordonnier C. ( 1999). Bacteremia due to Capnocytophaga species in patients with neutropenia: high frequency of β‐lactamase‐producing strains. Clin Infect Dis 28:1172–1174 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Spratt D.A., Greenman J., Schaffer A.G. ( 1995). Capnocytophaga gingivalis aminopeptidase : a potential virulence factor. Microbiology 141:3087–3093 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Tita A.T.N., Andrews W.A. ( 2010). Diagnosis and management of clinical chorioamnionitis. Clin Perinatol 37:339–354 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Vandemeulebrouck B., Rasigade J.P., Sobas C., Vialet A., Roubille M. ( 2008). [Septicemia with Capnocytophaga sputigena in a newborn child]. Ann Biol Clin 66:215–219 (in French)
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Versalovic J., Carroll K.C., Funke G., Jorgensen J.H., Landry M.L., Warnock D.W. ( 2011). Capnocytophaga. In Manual of Clinical Microbiology 10th edn, pp. 574–578 Washington, DC: ASM Press;
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmmcr/10.1099/jmmcr.0.001099
Loading

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error