1887

Abstract

Introduction:

is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children and young adults. Multiple complications have been reported previously, either at the time of presentation or later during the recovery phase of the illness. Cardiac arrhythmias and electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities have rarely been reported in infection.

Case presentation:

We report a 48-year-old African-American man, with newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus infection, admitted with a diagnosis of meningococcal meningitis. An initial 12-lead ECG at admission showed a normal sinus rhythm with widespread concave ST elevation. The patient's troponin level was significantly elevated. A Transthoracic echocardiogram revealed left ventricle moderate anterior pericardial effusion. He was treated with antibiotics for meningitis and ibuprofen for myopericarditis. He subsequently developed atrial fibrillation, which was suppressed with metoprolol, diltiazem and amiodarone during hospitalization. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of atrial fibrillation complicating meningococcal meningitis.

Conclusion:

Myopericarditis complicates the course of meningococcal meningitis. Various forms of cardiac arrhythmias can occur during the course of meningococcal infection. Therefore, telemetry and serial ECG monitoring are recommended throughout the course of meningococcal infection.

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2015-06-01
2020-01-28
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