1887

Abstract

is a component of the indigenous microbiota but is also responsible for anaerobic infections of the gastrointestinal tract and oral cavity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of oxidative stress on the pathogenicity of . Germ-free mice were challenged intraperitoneally with parental (wt) or oxidative stress adapted (aero) strains. Bacterial virulence was evaluated by histopathology, hyperaemia and blood analysis [C-reactive protein (CRP), serum albumin and white blood cells (WBCs)], 3 and 10 days after challenge. CRP levels and WBC count were higher in animals challenged with the aero strain, and the albumin level was lower in this group, only 10 days after infection (<0.05). Body weight gain was significantly reduced whereas hyperaemia and ratios of spleen/organ weight were increased in animals challenged with the aero strain (<0.05). The liver of animals challenged with the aero strain showed hyperaemia, vasodilatation as well as an increase in the number of inflammatory cells and liver/organ weight ratio (<0.05). Similar, but more discrete, alterations were observed in the small intestine of animals challenged with the aero strain. Studies on stress responses of this putative pathogen may help to better understand the aggressive potential and virulence markers of anaerobic bacteria.

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2007-03-01
2019-11-18
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