1887

Abstract

In 2000, a multi-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, known as Prevnar, was licensed for use in infants and young children in the USA. The subsequent introduction of the vaccine into the childhood immunization schedule in that country led to a significant decrease in pneumococcal disease. The vaccine is effective against invasive and non-invasive pneumococcal infection, can be used in young children as well as adults and, like all conjugate vaccines, provides long-lasting immunity. Moreover, it reduces the incidence of antibiotic resistance because a number of resistant serotypes are targeted by the vaccine. Prevnar, also known as Prevenar, has since been licensed in numerous countries, including the UK. On 8 February 2006, the Departments of Health in England, Scotland and Wales announced the inclusion of Prevenar in the childhood immunization schedule. This announcement has important implications for pneumococcal infection, disease surveillance and immunization policy in the UK.

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2006-08-01
2019-10-18
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