1887

Abstract

is the most common pathogen causing dermatophytosis. Molecular strain-typing methods have recently been developed to tackle epidemiological questions and the problem of relapse following treatment. A total of 67 strains of were screened for genetic variation by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis, with two primers, 5′-d[GGTGCGGGAA]-3′ and 5′-d[CCCGTCAGCA]-3′, as well as by subrepeat element analysis of the nontranscribed spacer of rDNA, using the repetitive subelements TRS-1 and TRS-2. A total of 12 individual patterns were recognized with the first primer and 11 with the second. Phylogenetic analysis of the RAPD products showed a high degree of similarity (>90 %) among the epidemiologically related clinical isolates, while the other strains possessed 60 % similarity. Specific amplification of TRS-1 produced three strain-characteristic banding patterns (PCR types); simple patterns representing one copy of TRS-1 and two copies of TRS-2 accounted for around 85 % of all isolates. It is concluded that molecular analysis has important implications for epidemiological studies, and RAPD analysis is especially suitable for molecular typing in

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2006-04-01
2021-10-20
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