1887

Abstract

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are highly effective, long-term methods of contraception; however, IUD use is limited due to concerns about an increased risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and subsequent complications. A retrospective review of clinical and microbiological data of 127 participants was carried out over a 3 year period. IUDs were removed and sent for microbiological examination. A 10 year old IUD, removed because of the symptoms of PID, was investigated via both microbial culture and scanning electron microscopy. The primary objective of this study was to examine the bacteria present on removed IUDs after different times by using aerobic and anaerobic culture methods. A close association of the distribution of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria on the IUDs with different times was found.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.46197-0
2005-12-01
2019-11-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/54/12/JM541212.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.46197-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bhagavan, B. S. & Gupta, P. K. ( 1978;). Genital actinomycosis and intrauterine contraceptive devices.Cytopathologic diagnosis and clinical significance. Hum Pathol 9, 567–568.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Farley, T. M., Rosenberg, M. J., Rowe, P. J., Chen, J. H. & Meirik, O. ( 1992;). Intrauterine devices and pelvic inflammatory disease: an international perspective. Lancet 339, 785–788.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Ferraz do Lago, R., Simoes, J. A., Bahamondes, L., Camargo, R. P. S., Perrotti, M. & Monteiro, I. ( 2003;). Follow-up of users of intrauterine device with and without bacterial vaginosis and other cervicovaginal infections. Contraception 68, 105–109.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Grimes, D. A. ( 1987;). Intrauterine devices and pelvic inflammatory disease: recent developments. Contraception 36, 97–107.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Grimes, D. A. & Schultz, K. F. ( 1999;). Prophylactic antibiotics for intrauterine device insertion: a metaanalysis of the randomized controlled trials. Contraception 60, 57–63.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Gristina, G. A. ( 1994;). Biofilms and chronic bacterial infections. Clin Microbiol Newsl 16, 171–176.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Guerreiro, D., Gigante, M. A. M. & Teles, L. C. ( 1998;). Sexually transmitted diseases and reproductive tract infections among contraceptive users. Int J Gynecol Obstet 63, 167–173.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Gupta, P. K. ( 1982;). Intrauterine contraceptive devices.Vaginal cytology, pathologic changes and clinical implications. Acta Cytol 26, 571–613.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Joesoef, M. R., Karundeng, A., Runtupalit, C., Moran, J. S., Lewis, J. S. & Ryan, C. A. ( 2001;). High rate of bacterial vaginosis among women with intrauterine devices in Manado, Indonesia. Contraception 64, 169–172.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Marrie, T. J. & Costerton, J. W. ( 1983;). A scanning and transmission electron microscopic study of the surfaces of intrauterine contraceptive devices. Am J Obstet Gynecol 146, 384–394.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Mishell, D. R., Bell, J. H., Good, R. G. & Moyer, D. L. ( 1966;). The intrauterine device: a bacteriologic study of the endometrial cavity. Am J Obstet Gynecol 96, 119–126.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Neuteboom, K., de Kroon, C. D., Dersjant-Roorda, M. & Jansen, F. W. ( 2003;). Follow-up visits after IUD-insertion: sense or nonsense? A technology assessment study to analyze the effectiveness of follow-up visits after IUD insertion. Contraception 68, 101–104.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Peterson, H. B., Xia, Z., Hughes, J. M., Wilcox, L. S., Tylor, L. R. & Trussell, J. ( 1996;). The risk of pregnancy after tubal sterilization: findings from the US Collaborative Preview of Sterilization. Am J Obstet Gynecol 174, 1161–1170.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Steen, R. & Shapiro, K. ( 2004;). Intrauterine contraceptive devices and risk of pelvic inflammatory disease: standard of care in high STI prevalence settings. Reprod Health Matters 23, 136–143.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Tsanadis, G., Kalantaridou, S. N., Kaponis, A. & 7 other authors ( 2002;). Bacteriological cultures of removed intrauterine devices and pelvic inflammatory disease. Contraception 65, 339–342.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.46197-0
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.46197-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error