1887

Abstract

Forty-seven non-epidemic O157 : H7 isolates causing haemolytic uraemic syndrome in France were characterized. The isolates clustered into 36 clones using PFGE typing. All the isolates harboured and one or more copies of and belonged to phylogenetic group D. Nine per cent were resistant to amoxicillin.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.45841-0
2005-01-01
2019-11-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/54/1/JM540112.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.45841-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Allison, L. J., Carter, P. E. & Thomson-Carter, F. M. ( 2000;). Characterization of a recurrent clonal type of Escherichia coli O157 : H7 causing major outbreaks of infection in Scotland. J Clin Microbiol 38, 1632–1635.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Armstrong, G. L., Hollingsworth, J. & Morris, J. G., Jr ( 1996;). Emerging foodborne pathogens: Escherichia coli O157 : H7 as a model of entry of a new pathogen into the food supply of the developed world. Epidemiol Rev 18, 29–51.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Barrett, T. J., Lior, H., Green, J. H., Khakhria, R., Wells, J. G., Bell, B. P., Greene, K. D., Lewis, J. & Griffin, P. M. ( 1994;). Laboratory investigation of a multistate food-borne outbreak of Escherichia coli O157 : H7 by using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and phage typing. J Clin Microbiol 32, 3013–3017.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bastian, S. N., Carle, I. & Grimont, F. ( 1998;). Comparison of 14 PCR systems for the detection and subtyping of stx genes in Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli. Res Microbiol 149, 457–472.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Basualdo, W. & Arbo, A. ( 2003;). Randomized comparison of azithromycin versus cefixime for treatment of shigellosis in children. Pediatr Infect Dis J 22, 374–377.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Beaudry, M., Zhu, C., Fairbrother, J. M. & Harel, J. ( 1996;). Genotypic and phenotypic characterization of Escherichia coli isolates from dogs manifesting attaching and effacing lesions. J Clin Microbiol 34, 144–148.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bender, J. B., Hedberg, C. W., Besser, J. M., Boxrud, D. J., MacDonald, K. L. & Osterholm, M. T. ( 1997;). Surveillance by molecular subtype for Escherichia coli O157 : H7 infections in Minnesota by molecular subtyping. N Engl J Med 337, 388–394.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Bingen, E., Picard, B., Brahimi, N., Mathy, S., Desjardins, P., Elion, J. & Denamur, E. ( 1998;). Phylogenetic analysis of Escherichia coli strains causing neonatal meningitis suggests horizontal gene transfer from a predominant pool of highly virulent B2 group strains. J Infect Dis 177, 642–650.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Bohm, H. & Karch, H. ( 1992;). DNA fingerprinting of Escherichia coli O157 : H7 strains by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. J Clin Microbiol 30, 2169–2172.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Clermont, O., Bonacorsi, S. & Bingen, E. ( 2000;). Rapid and simple determination of the Escherichia coli phylogenetic group. Appl Environ Microbiol 66, 4555–4558.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Davis, M. A., Hancock, D. D., Besser, T. E. & Call, D. R. ( 2003;). Evaluation of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis as a tool for determining the degree of genetic relatedness between strains of Escherichia coli O157 : H7. J Clin Microbiol 41, 1843–1849.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Feng, P., Lampel, K. A., Karch, H. & Whittam, T. S. ( 1998;). Genotypic and phenotypic changes in the emergence of Escherichia coli O157 : H7. J Infect Dis 177, 1750–1753.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Fukushima, H., Hashizume, T., Morita, Y. & 7 other authors ( 1999;). Clinical experiences in Sakai City Hospital during the massive outbreak of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 infections in Sakai City, 1996. Pediatr Int 41, 213–217.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Giammanco, G. M., Pignato, S., Grimont, F., Grimont, P. A., Caprioli, A., Morabito, S. & Giammanco, G. ( 2002;). Characterization of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 : H7 isolated in Italy and in France. J Clin Microbiol 40, 4619–4624.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Griffin, P. M. & Tauxe, R. V. ( 1991;). The epidemiology of infections caused by Escherichia coli O157 : H7, other enterohemorrhagic E.coli, and the associated hemolytic uremic syndrome. Epidemiol Rev 13, 60–98.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Guerrant, R. L., Van Gilder, T., Steiner, T. S. & 14 other authors ( 2001;). Practice guidelines for the management of infectious diarrhea. Clin Infect Dis 32, 331–351.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hiramatsu, K., Murakami, J., Kishi, K., Hirata, N., Yamasaki, T., Kadota, J., Shibata, T. & Nasu, M. ( 2003;). Treatment with rokitamycin suppresses the lethality in a murine model of Escherichia coli O157 : H7 infection. Int J Antimicrob Agents 21, 471–477.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Izumiya, H., Terajima, J., Wada, A., Inagaki, Y., Itoh, K. I., Tamura, K. & Watanabe, H. ( 1997;). Molecular typing of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 : H7 isolates in Japan by using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. J Clin Microbiol 35, 1675–1680.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Johnson, J. R., van der Schee, C., Kuskowski, M. A., Goessens, W. & van Belkum, A. ( 2002;). Phylogenetic background and virulence profiles of fluoroquinolone-resistant clinical Escherichia coli isolates from the Netherlands. J Infect Dis 186, 1852–1856.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Karmali, M. A. ( 1989;). Infection by verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli. Clin Microbiol Rev 2, 15–38.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Karmali, M. A., Arbus, G. S., Petric, M., Patrick, M. L., Roscoe, M., Shaw, J. & Lior, H. ( 1988;). Hospital-acquired Escherichia coli O157 : H7 associated haemolytic uraemic syndrome in a nurse. Lancet 1, 526. 526.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Keene, W. E., Hedberg, K., Herriott, D. E., Hancock, D. D., McKay, R. W., Barrett, T. J. & Fleming, D. W. ( 1997;). A prolonged outbreak of Escherichia coli O157 : H7 infections caused by commercially distributed raw milk. J Infect Dis 176, 815–818.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Khan, W. A., Seas, C., Dhar, U., Salam, M. A. & Bennish, M. L. ( 1997;). Treatment of shigellosis: V.Comparison of azithromycin and ciprofloxacin. A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med 126, 697–703.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Kudva, I. T., Evans, P. S., Perna, N. T., Barrett, T. J., Ausubel, F. M., Blattner, F. R. & Calderwood, S. B. ( 2002;). Strains of Escherichia coli O157 : H7 differ primarily by insertions or deletions, not single-nucleotide polymorphisms. J Bacteriol 184, 1873–1879.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Liesegang, A., Sachse, U., Prager, R. & 9 other authors ( 2000;). Clonal diversity of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 : H7/H- in Germany – a ten-year study. Int J Med Microbiol 290, 269–278.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Mariani-Kurkdjian, P., Cave, H., Elion, J., Loirat, C. & Bingen, E. ( 1997;). Direct detection of verotoxin genes in stool samples by polymerase chain reaction in hemolytic uremic syndrome patients in France. Clin Microbiol Infect 3, 117–119.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. NCCLS ( 1997;). Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Disk Susceptibility Tests, 6th edn. Approved Standard M2-A6. Wayne, PA: National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards.
  28. Noller, A. C., McEllistrem, M. C., Stine, O. C., Morris, J. G., Jr, Boxrud, D. J., Dixon, B. & Harrison, L. H. ( 2003;). Multilocus sequence typing reveals a lack of diversity among Escherichia coli O157 : H7 isolates that are distinct by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. J Clin Microbiol 41, 675–679.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Perna, N. T., Plunkett, G., III, Burland, V. & 25 other authors ( 2001;). Genome sequence of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 : H7. Nature 409, 529–533.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Pierard, D., Muyldermans, G., Moriau, L., Stevens, D. & Lauwers, S. ( 1998;). Identification of new verocytotoxin type 2 variant B-subunit genes in human and animal Escherichia coli isolates. J Clin Microbiol 36, 3317–3322.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Preston, M. A., Johnson, W., Khakhria, R. & Borczyk, A. ( 2000;). Epidemiologic subtyping of Escherichia coli serogroup O157 strains isolated in Ontario by phage typing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. J Clin Microbiol 38, 2366–2368.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Pupo, G. M., Karaolis, D. K., Lan, R. & Reeves, P. R. ( 1997;). Evolutionary relationships among pathogenic and nonpathogenic Escherichia coli strains inferred from multilocus enzyme electrophoresis and mdh sequence studies. Infect Immun 65, 2685–2692.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Riley, L. W., Remis, R. S., Helgerson, S. D. & 9 other authors ( 1983;). Hemorrhagic colitis associated with a rare Escherichia coli serotype. N Engl J Med 308, 681–685.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Rolland, K., Lambert-Zechovsky, N., Picard, B. & Denamur, E. ( 1998;). Shigella and enteroinvasive Escherichia coli strains are derived from distinct ancestral strains of E.coli. Microbiology 144, 2667–2672.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Tenover, F. C., Arbeit, R. D., Goering, R. V., Mickelsen, P. A., Murray, B. E., Persing, D. H. & Swaminathan, B. ( 1995;). Interpreting chromosomal DNA restriction patterns produced by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis: criteria for bacterial strain typing. J Clin Microbiol 33, 2233–2239.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Tesh, V. L. & O'Brien, A. D. ( 1991;). The pathogenic mechanisms of Shiga toxin and the Shiga-like toxins. Mol Microbiol 5, 1817–1822.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Watanabe, H., Terajima, J., Izumiya, H., Wada, A. & Tamura, K. ( 1999;). Molecular analysis of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli isolates in Japan and its application to epidemiological investigation. Pediatr Int 41, 202–208.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Whittam, T. S., Wachsmuth, I. K. & Wilson, R. A. ( 1988;). Genetic evidence of clonal descent of Escherichia coli O157 : H7 associated with hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome. J Infect Dis 157, 1124–1133.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Whittam, T. S., Wolfe, M. L., Wachsmuth, I. K., Orskov, F., Orskov, I. & Wilson, R. A. ( 1993;). Clonal relationships among Escherichia coli strains that cause hemorrhagic colitis and infantile diarrhea. Infect Immun 61, 1619–1629.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Willshaw, G. A., Smith, H. R., Cheasty, T., Wall, P. G. & Rowe, B. ( 1997;). Vero cytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 outbreaks in England and Wales, 1995: phenotypic methods and genotypic subtyping. Emerg Infect Dis 3, 561–565.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Wong, C. S., Jelacic, S., Habeeb, R. L., Watkins, S. L. & Tarr, P. I. ( 2000;). The risk of the hemolytic-uremic syndrome after antibiotic treatment of Escherichia coli O157 : H7 infections. N Engl J Med 342, 1930–1936.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.45841-0
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.45841-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error