1887

Abstract

In the period between September 2002 and May 2004, a total of 6023 rectal swabs from humans in the Czech Republic were evaluated and 821 spp. strains were isolated. Nine strains (1.1 %) were identified as vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). Two strains were VanA , one strain was VanB and six strains were VanC . In total, 527 spp. strains were isolated from poultry breeds of which 11 (2.1 %) were VRE. Most (54.5 %) were identified as VanA . Cluster analysis of I-generated macrorestriction patterns showed high variability in both human and animal VRE strains and no relatedness between strains from the two sources.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.45824-0
2005-10-01
2019-11-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/54/10/JM541010.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.45824-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Arthur, M. & Courvalin, P. ( 1993;). Genetics and mechanisms of glycopeptide resistance in enterococci. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 37, 1536–1571.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Balzereit-Scheuerlein, F. & Stephan, R. ( 2001;). Prevalence of colonisation and resistance patterns of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in healthy, non-hospitalised persons in Switzerland. Swiss Med Wkly 131, 280–282.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bates, J. ( 1997;). Epidemiology of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in the community and the relevance of farm animals to human infection. J Hosp Infect 37, 89–101.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Dutka-Malen, S., Evers, S. & Courvalin, P. ( 1995;). Detection of glycopeptide resistance genotypes and identification to the species level of clinically relevant enterococci by PCR.J Clin Microbiol 33, 24–27. Erratum in J Clin Microbiol 33, 1434. 1434.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Endtz, H. P., van den Braak, N., van Belkum, A. & 9 other authors ( 1997;). Fecal carriage of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in hospitalized patients and those living in the community in the Netherlands. J Clin Microbiol 35, 3026–3031.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Facklam, R. R. & Collins, M. D. ( 1989;). Identification of Enterococcus species isolated from human infections by conventional test scheme. J Clin Microbiol 27, 731–734.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Jordens, J. Z., Bates, J. & Griffiths, D. T. ( 1994;). Faecal carriage and nosocomial spread of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium. J Antimicrob Chemother 34, 515–528.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Klare, I., Heier, H., Claus, H., Reissbrodt, R. & Witte, W. ( 1995;). VanA-mediated high-level glycopeptide resistance in Enterococcus faecium from animal husbandry. FEMS Microbiol Lett 125, 165–172.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Murray, B. E. ( 1997;). Vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Am J Med 101, 284–293.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Murray, B. E., Singh, K. V., Heath, J. D., Sharma, B. R. & Weinstock, G. M. ( 1990;). Comparison of genomic DNAs of different enterococcal isolates using restriction endonucleases with infrequent restriction sites. J Clin Microbiol 28, 2059–2063.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. NCCLS ( 2003;). Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing. Approved standard M2-A8, 8th edn. Wayne, PA: National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards.
  12. Pantucek, R., Götz, F., Doskar, J. & Rosypal, S. ( 1996;). Genomic variability of Staphylococcus aureus and the other coagulase-positive Staphylococcus species estimated by macrorestriction analysis using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Int J Syst Bacteriol 46, 216–222.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Van der Auwera, P., Pensart, N., Korten, V., Murray, B. E. & Leclercq, R. ( 1996;). Influence of oral glycopeptides on the fecal flora of human volunteers: selection of highly glycopeptide-resistant enterococci. J Infect Dis 173, 1129–1136.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.45824-0
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.45824-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error