1887

Abstract

is an opportunistic fungal pathogen. It infects the central nervous system causing meningitis, which is fatal if untreated, especially in AIDS and immunosuppressed patients. In this study a method of quantification and assessment of viability of by LightCycler RT-PCR amplification of the capsule gene mRNA is established. The sequence of primers and probes were derived from capsular CAP10 gene mRNA (GenBank accession number AF144574), and were species specific. Agarose gel electrophoresis analysis of LightCycler RT-PCR product showed a single band of 223 bp in length. In order to develop an internal control a 223 bp exon fragment of capsule mRNA was cloned in the pCR2.1 plasmid vector and RNA was generated by transcription. To determine the sensitivity of the assay, serial dilutions of -transcribed RNA with known concentrations and copy numbers, and serially diluted cultures of viable and nonviable were used. Under optimal conditions as little as 0.472 fg of capsule mRNA could be detected, corresponding to 1–10 c.f.u. ml of the sample. No amplification was observed from up to10 heat/UV radiation-killed yeast cells and RNA of other bacterial and fungal pathogens and human genomic DNA or RNA. The amplification of capsule mRNA represents a sensitive, specific and quantitative means of detection of viable in clinical specimens and can be useful in the evaluation of the therapeutic efficacy of antifungal drugs in the treatment of meningitis.

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2004-12-01
2019-11-17
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