1887

Abstract

The current assumption that is a facultatively anaerobic organism has been widely accepted since its recovery from anoxic sites became common. However, the link between anaerobiosis and virulence remains uncertain. This study investigated the differential cell-surface hydrophobicity (CSH) using a hydrocarbon/water partition technique and analysed the differential secretion rates of secretory aspartyl proteases (Saps), esterase, chondroitinase and haemolysins of strains recovered from periodontal pockets and non-periodontium-related intra-oral sites. For the enzymic tests, all strains from both sets were grown under aerobic and anaerobic conditions and the harvested cells were inoculated onto suitable normal or pre-reduced culture media in the presence or absence of molecular oxygen, respectively. The results showed that no variations were perceptible for CSH and chondroitinase ( >0.05). The secretion rates of esterase and haemolysins strongly decreased in an anoxic environment ( <0.0001). However, a consistent increment ( <0.0001) in Sap secretion was detected when cultures were grown under anaerobic conditions. Based on these results, it is suggested that the oxygen concentration in the atmosphere surrounding cells exerts a variable influence on the virulence attributes of .

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2008-10-01
2019-10-20
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