1887

Abstract

The predisposition of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) for recurrent pulmonary infections can result in poor prognosis of the disease. Although the clinical significance in CF of micro-organisms, such as , and , is well established, the implication of uncommon glucose non-fermenting Gram-negative bacilli (UGNF-GNB) in respiratory samples from CF patients is still unclear. Because of limitations of traditional methods used in most clinical laboratories, the accurate identification of these microbes is a challenge. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) is an alternative tool for efficient identification of bacteria. This was a retrospective study to evaluate different identification methods in a collection of UGNF-GNB isolated from children with CF during a period of three years. The performance of MALDI-TOF was compared to that of 16S rDNA gene sequencing and to a conventional and automated phenotypic identification. The discriminatory power of MALDI-TOF (75.0 % agreement) was superior to automated techniques (67.1 % agreement) and to conventional phenotypical identification (50.0 % agreement). MALDI-TOF also demonstrated high accuracy in identifying , and , but had limited utility in identifying spp. and some species of and (other than ). Although MALDI-TOF identified only 75 % of the isolates in comparison with 16S rDNA gene sequencing, the prompt identification and high discriminatory power exhibited by MALDI-TOF make it a useful tool for the characterization of micro-organisms that are difficult to identify using routine methods.

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2014-09-01
2021-03-09
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