1887

Abstract

Between 2001 and 2005, 207 raw sewage samples were collected at the inflow of a sewage treatment plant in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Of the 207 sewage samples, 137 (66.2 %) were found to be positive for amplification of Aichi virus (AiV) nucleotide using reverse transcription (RT)-PCR with 10 forward and 10 reverse primers in the 3D region corresponding to the nucleotide sequence of all kobuviruses. AiV genotype A sequences were detected in all 137 samples. New sequences of AiV were detected in nine samples, exhibiting 83 % similarity with AiV A846/88, but 95 % similarity with canine kobuvirus (CKV) US-PC0082 in this region. The nucleotide sequences from the VP3 region to the 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of sewage sample Y12/2004 were determined. The number of nucleotides in each region was the same as that of CKV. The similarity of the nucleotide (amino acid) identity of a complete VP1 region was 90.5 % (94.8 %) between Y12/2004 and CKV US-PC0082. The phylogenic analyses based on the nucleotide and the deduced amino acid sequences of VP1 and 3D showed that Y12/2004 was independent from AiV, but closely related to CKV. These results suggested that CKV is present in Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.070987-0
2014-05-01
2019-10-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/63/5/715.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.070987-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Adams M. J., King A. M. Q., Carstens E. B.. ( 2013;). Ratification vote on taxonomic proposals to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2013). . Arch Virol 158:, 2023–2030. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Alcalá A., Vizzi E., Rodríguez-Díaz J., Zambrano J. L., Betancourt W., Liprandi F.. ( 2010;). Molecular detection and characterization of Aichi viruses in sewage-polluted waters of Venezuela. . Appl Environ Microbiol 76:, 4113–4115. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Ambert-Balay K., Lorrot M., Bon F., Giraudon H., Kaplon J., Wolfer M., Lebon P., Gendrel D., Pothier P.. ( 2008;). Prevalence and genetic diversity of Aichi virus strains in stool samples from community and hospitalized patients. . J Clin Microbiol 46:, 1252–1258. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Kaikkonen S., Räsänen S., Rämet M., Vesikari T.. ( 2010;). Aichi virus infection in children with acute gastroenteritis in Finland. . Epidemiol Infect 138:, 1166–1171. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Kapoor A., Simmonds P., Dubovi E. J., Qaisar N., Henriquez J. A., Medina J., Shields S., Lipkin W. I.. ( 2011;). Characterization of a canine homolog of human Aichivirus. . J Virol 85:, 11520–11525. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Khamrin P., Maneekarn N., Peerakome S., Okitsu S., Mizuguchi M., Ushijima H.. ( 2008;). Bovine kobuviruses from cattle with diarrhea. . Emerg Infect Dis 14:, 985–986. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Kitajima M., Haramoto E., Phanuwan C., Katayama H.. ( 2011;). Prevalence and genetic diversity of Aichi viruses in wastewater and river water in Japan. . Appl Environ Microbiol 77:, 2184–2187. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Kitajima M., Hata A., Yamashita T., Haramoto E., Minagawa H., Katayama H.. ( 2013;). Development of a reverse transcription-quantitative PCR system for detection and genotyping of Aichi viruses in clinical and environmental samples. . Appl Environ Microbiol 79:, 3952–3958. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Knowles N. J., Hovi T., Hyypiä T., King A. M. Q., Lindberg A. M., Pallansch M. A., Palmenberg A. C., Simmonds P., Skern T.. & other authors ( 2012;). Picornaviridae. . In Virus Taxonomy: Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses: Ninth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, pp. 855–880. Edited by King A. M. Q., Adams M. J., Carstens E. B., Lefkowitz E. J... San Diego:: Elsevier;.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Lewis G. D., Metcalf T. G.. ( 1988;). Polyethylene glycol precipitation for recovery of pathogenic viruses, including hepatitis A virus and human rotavirus, from oyster, water, and sediment samples. . Appl Environ Microbiol 54:, 1983–1988.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Li L., Pesavento P. A., Shan T., Leutenegger C. M., Wang C., Delwart E.. ( 2011;). Viruses in diarrhoeic dogs include novel kobuviruses and sapoviruses. . J Gen Virol 92:, 2534–2541. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Lukashev A. N., Drexler J. F., Belalov I. S., Eschbach-Bludau M., Baumgarte S., Drosten C.. ( 2012;). Genetic variation and recombination in Aichi virus. . J Gen Virol 93:, 1226–1235. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Mauroy A., Scipioni A., Mathijs E., Thys C., Thiry E.. ( 2009;). Molecular detection of kobuviruses and recombinant noroviruses in cattle in continental Europe. . Arch Virol 154:, 1841–1845. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Melnic J. L., Wenner H. A.. ( 1979;). Enteroviruses. . In Diagnostic Procedures for Viral, Rickettsial, and Chlamydial Infections, , 5th ed., pp. 471–534. Edited by Lennette E. H., Schmidt N. J.., Washington, D.C. 20005:: American Public Health Association;.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Melnick J. L., Gerba C. P., Wallis C.. ( 1978;). Viruses in water. . Bull World Health Organ 56:, 499–508.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Oberste M. S., Maher K., Kilpatrick D. R., Pallansch M. A.. ( 1999;). Molecular evolution of the human enteroviruses: correlation of serotype with VP1 sequence and application to picornavirus classification. . J Virol 73:, 1941–1948.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Oh D. Y., Silva P. A., Hauroeder B., Diedrich S., Cardoso D. D., Schreier E.. ( 2006;). Molecular characterization of the first Aichi viruses isolated in Europe and in South America. . Arch Virol 151:, 1199–1206. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Pham N. T., Khamrin P., Nguyen T. A., Kanti D. S., Phan T. G., Okitsu S., Ushijima H.. ( 2007;). Isolation and molecular characterization of Aichi viruses from fecal specimens collected in Japan, Bangladesh, Thailand, and Vietnam. . J Clin Microbiol 45:, 2287–2288. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Phan T. G., Kapusinszky B., Wang C., Rose R. K., Lipton H. L., Delwart E. L.. ( 2011;). The fecal viral flora of wild rodents. . PLoS Pathog 7:, e1002218. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Reuter G., Egyed L.. ( 2009;). Bovine kobuvirus in Europe. . Emerg Infect Dis 15:, 822–823. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Reuter G., Boldizsár A., Pankovics P.. ( 2009a;). Complete nucleotide and amino acid sequences and genetic organization of porcine kobuvirus, a member of a new species in the genus Kobuvirus, family Picornaviridae. . Arch Virol 154:, 101–108. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Reuter G., Boldizsár A., Papp G., Pankovics P.. ( 2009b;). Detection of Aichi virus shedding in a child with enteric and extraintestinal symptoms in Hungary. . Arch Virol 154:, 1529–1532. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Sasaki J., Kusuhara Y., Maeno Y., Kobayashi N., Yamashita T., Sakae K., Takeda N., Taniguchi K.. ( 2001;). Construction of an infectious cDNA clone of Aichi virus (a new member of the family Picornaviridae) and mutational analysis of a stem-loop structure at the 5′ end of the genome. . J Virol 75:, 8021–8030. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Sdiri-Loulizi K., Gharbi-Khélifi H., de Rougemont A., Chouchane S., Sakly N., Ambert-Balay K., Hassine M., Guédiche M. N., Aouni M., Pothier P.. ( 2008;). Acute infantile gastroenteritis associated with human enteric viruses in Tunisia. . J Clin Microbiol 46:, 1349–1355. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Sdiri-Loulizi K., Hassine M., Gharbi-Khelifi H., Sakly N., Chouchane S., Guediche M. N., Pothier P., Aouni M., Ambert-Balay K.. ( 2009;). Detection and genomic characterization of Aichi viruses in stool samples from children in Monastir, Tunisia. . J Clin Microbiol 47:, 2275–2278. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Sdiri-Loulizi K., Hassine M., Aouni Z., Gharbi-Khelifi H., Sakly N., Chouchane S., Guédiche M. N., Pothier P., Aouni M., Ambert-Balay K.. ( 2010;). First molecular detection of Aichi virus in sewage and shellfish samples in the Monastir region of Tunisia. . Arch Virol 155:, 1509–1513. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Svraka S., Duizer E., Vennema H., de Bruin E., van der Veer B., Dorresteijn B., Koopmans M.. ( 2007;). Etiological role of viruses in outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis in The Netherlands from 1994 through 2005. . J Clin Microbiol 45:, 1389–1394. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Tamura K., Peterson D., Peterson N., Stecher G., Nei M., Kumar S.. ( 2011;). MEGA5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. . Mol Biol Evol 28:, 2731–2739. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Yamashita T., Kobayashi S., Sakae K., Nakata S., Chiba S., Ishihara Y., Isomura S.. ( 1991;). Isolation of cytopathic small round viruses with BS-C-1 cells from patients with gastroenteritis. . J Infect Dis 164:, 954–957. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Yamashita T., Sakae K., Ishihara Y., Isomura S., Utagawa E.. ( 1993;). Prevalence of newly isolated, cytopathic small round virus (Aichi strain) in Japan. . J Clin Microbiol 31:, 2938–2943.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Yamashita T., Sakae K., Kobayashi S., Ishihara Y., Miyake T., Mubina A., Isomura S.. ( 1995;). Isolation of cytopathic small round virus (Aichi virus) from Pakistani children and Japanese travelers from Southeast Asia. . Microbiol Immunol 39:, 433–435. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Yamashita T., Sakae K., Tsuzuki H., Suzuki Y., Ishikawa N., Takeda N., Miyamura T., Yamazaki S.. ( 1998;). Complete nucleotide sequence and genetic organization of Aichi virus, a distinct member of the Picornaviridae associated with acute gastroenteritis in humans. . J Virol 72:, 8408–8412.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Yamashita T., Sugiyama M., Tsuzuki H., Sakae K., Suzuki Y., Miyazaki Y.. ( 2000;). Application of a reverse transcription-PCR for identification and differentiation of Aichi virus, a new member of the Picornavirus family associated with gastroenteritis in humans. . J Clin Microbiol 38:, 2955–2961.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Yamashita T., Ito M., Kabashima Y., Tsuzuki H., Fujiura A., Sakae K.. ( 2003;). Isolation and characterization of a new species of kobuvirus associated with cattle. . J Gen Virol 84:, 3069–3077. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Yang S., Zhang W., Shen Q., Yang Z., Zhu J., Cui L., Hua X.. ( 2009;). Aichi virus strains in children with gastroenteritis, China. . Emerg Infect Dis 15:, 1703–1705. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Yu J. M., Xu Z. Q., Li B. W., Zhang Q., Cui S. X., Jin M., Duan Z. J.. ( 2011;). Analysis and characterization of the complete genome of a member of a new species of kobuvirus associated with swine. . Arch Virol 156:, 747–751. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.070987-0
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.070987-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error