1887

Abstract

is a common cause of nosocomial infections and is associated with high rates of mortality. In order to facilitate rapid and sensitive identification of the most prevalent serotypes of , we have developed a 4-valent real-time PCR-based assay using oligonucleotides specific for open-reading frames constituting the O-antigen-specific lipopolysaccharide loci of . The assay simultaneously detects and differentiates between each of the four serotypes IATS-O1, -O6, -O11 and serogroup 2 (IATS-O2, -O5, and -O16) with high sensitivity and specificity in a single-tube reaction. No cross-reactivity was observed with other serotypes of or other microbial species, and reproducibility was demonstrated regardless of template, i.e. purified DNA, bacterial culture and clinical specimens (broncho-alveolar lavage). The limit of detection of the assay was approximately 100 copies per reaction for IATS-O1, -O2 and -O11, and 50 copies per reaction for IATS-O6. Comparison of the assay specificity with a commercially available slide agglutination kit showed consistent results; however, the number of non-typable isolates was reduced by 15 % using the genotyping assay. Use of the 4-valent genotyping assay in the context of a clinical trial resulted in identification of pneumonia patients positive for the IATS-O11 serotype, and hence eligible for therapy with panobacumab (an investigational monoclonal antibody against the O-polysaccharide of serotype IATS-O11).

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2014-04-01
2021-10-26
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