1887

Abstract

Mucocutaneous and cutaneous candidiasis, though common in children, is often under-reported. The prevalence of in causing these infections in this age group is also largely unknown. A prospective epidemiological cross-sectional study for candidiasis was performed in paediatric patients clinically suspected of candidiasis with oropharyngeal lesions (75 patients), cutaneous lesions (18 patients) and lesions at both sites (2 patients). species were identified by conventional tests. For , chlamydospore production, growth on tobacco agar and growth at 45 °C were performed. Nine isolates were confirmed at a reference centre. The rates of candidiasis were 77.3 % (58 out of 75 patients clinically suspected of candidiasis) and 83.3 % (15/18) in oropharyngeal and cutaneous lesions respectively, and 1 of the 2 children with lesions at both sites was diagnosed as having chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis due to . The commonest species isolated was , in 41 (70.7 %) patients with oropharyngeal candidiasis and 11 (73.3 %) with cutaneous lesions; was isolated from 11 and 3 children respectively. In the paediatric population, predominates in mucocutaneous and cutaneous candidiasis, with also contributing substantially.

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2014-04-01
2019-12-11
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