1887

Abstract

, the agent of psittacosis in humans, infects a wide range of avian species. To assess the risk of psittacosis posed by domestic birds in the urban environment, the prevalence of antibodies in 413 chickens (; 305 caged and 108 free-range), 334 ducks ( spp.; 111 caged and 223 free-range) and 312 pigeons () in Lanzhou, north-western China, was detected using the indirect haemagglutination assay. The specific antibodies were found in sera of 55 (13.32 %) chickens, 130 (38.92 %) ducks and 97 (31.09 %) pigeons. Statistical analysis showed that the seroprevalence of infection in chickens was significantly lower than that in ducks and pigeons (<0.05). The seroprevalence in caged and free-range chickens was 7.54 % and 29.63 %, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (<0.05). The seroprevalence in caged and free-range ducks was 26.13 % and 45.29 %, respectively (<0.05). To our knowledge, this is the first study indicating the presence of infection in market-sold chickens, ducks and pigeons in north-western China. Close contact with these birds is associated with a risk of zoonotic transmission of . Public education should be implemented to reduce the risk of avian to human transmission of such a pathogenic agent.

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2013-08-01
2019-10-13
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