1887

Abstract

The ability of bacterial pathogens to express different fimbrial adhesins plays a significant role in virulence. Thus, specific detection of fimbrial expression is an important task in virulence characterization and epidemiological studies. Most clinical isolates express type 1 and type 3 fimbriae, which are characterized by mediation of mannose-sensitive agglutination of yeast cells and agglutination of tannic acid-treated ox red blood cells (RBCs), respectively. It has been observed that isolates agglutinate yeast cells and commercially available sheep RBCs in a mannose-resistant manner. Thus, this study was initiated to identify the adhesin involved. Screening of a mutant library surprisingly revealed that the mannose-resistant agglutination of yeast and sheep RBCs was mediated by type 3 fimbriae. Specific detection of type 1 fimbriae expression in was feasible only by the use of guinea pig RBCs. This was further verified by the use of isogenic fimbriae mutants and by cloning and expressing fimbrial gene clusters in Yeast agglutination assays are commonly used to detect type 1 fimbriae expression but should not be used for bacterial species able to express type 3 fimbriae. For these species, the use of guinea pig blood for specific type 1 fimbriae detection is essential. The use of commercially available sheep RBCs or yeast is an easy alternative to traditional methods to detect type 3 fimbriae expression. Easy and specific detection of expression of type 1 and type 3 fimbriae is essential in the continuous characterization of these important adhesive virulence factors present in members of the .

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2012-03-01
2019-10-21
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