1887

Abstract

is an established but often unrecognized human pathogen. may also be misidentified as , which gives remarkably similar results in conventional biochemical tests. In this study, we have reported three cases of wound infections associated with and also on the bacteriological characteristics which are relevant for identification of these isolates. The negative reverse CAMP test, the ability to produce acid from xylose and to hydrolyse gelatin and the positive -glucuronidase test clearly differentiated from other closely related species. All three isolates were uniformly susceptible to penicillin, ampicillin, amoxicillin–clavulanic acid, ceftriaxone and gentamicin, variably susceptible to tetracycline and erythromycin and uniformly resistant to cotrimoxazole. Only a few confirmed cases have been reported throughout the world and therefore the diagnostic evaluation of this organism is emphasized.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.016485-0
2010-06-01
2019-10-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/59/6/736.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.016485-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Jost, B. H. & Billington, S. J. ( 2004; ). Corynebacterium and Arcanobacterium. In Pathogenesis of Bacterial Infection in Animals, 3rd edn, pp. 77–86. Edited by C. L. Gyles, J. F. Prescott, J. G. Songer & C. O. Thoen. Ames, IA: Blackwell Publishing.
  2. Jost, B. H. & Billington, S. J. ( 2005; ). Arcanobacterium pyogenes: molecular pathogenesis of an animal opportunist. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 88, 87–102.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Jost, B. H., Songer, J. G. & Billington, S. J. ( 2001; ). Cloning, expression, and characterization of a neuraminidase gene from Arcanobacterium pyogenes. Infect Immun 69, 4430–4437.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Levy, C. E., Pedro, R. J., Von Nowakonski, A., Holanda, L. M., Brocchi, M. & Ramo, M. C. ( 2009; ). Arcanobacterium pyogenes sepsis in farmer, Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis 15, 1131–1132.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Meyer, D. K. & Reboli, A. C. ( 2005; ). Other Corynebacteria and Rhodococcus. In Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 6th edn, pp. 2465–2478. Edited by G. L. Mandell, R. Dolin & J. E. Bennet. New York: Churchill-Livingstone.
  6. Palmer, M. V. & Whipple, D. L. ( 1999; ). Arcanobacterium pyogenes as a cause of fatal pleuropneumonia after capture and transport of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). J Vet Diagn Invest 11, 468–471.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Plamondon, M., Martinez, G., Raynal, L., Touchette, M. & Valiquette, L. ( 2007; ). A fatal case of Arcanobacterium pyogenes endocarditis in a man with no identified animal contact: case report and review of the literature. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 26, 663–666.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Ramos, C. P., Foster, G. & Collins, M. D. ( 1997; ). Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Actinomyces based on 16S rRNA gene sequences: description of Arcanobacterium phocae sp. nov., Arcanobacterium bernardiae comb. nov., and Arcanobacterium pyogenes comb. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 47, 46–53.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Winn, W., Jr, Allen, S., Janda, W., Koneman, E., Procop, G., Schreckenberger, P. & Woods, G. ( 2006; ). Other Coryneform bacteria. In Koneman's Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology, 6th edn, pp. 817–823. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  10. Wüst, J., Martinetti, G. D., Lüthy-Hottenstein, J., Brun, F. & Altwegg, M. ( 1993; ). Isolation of Gram-positive rods that resemble but are clearly distinct from Actinomyces pyogenes from mixed wound infection. J Clin Microbiol 31, 1127–1135.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.016485-0
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.016485-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error