1887

Abstract

Rapid identification of the causative agent of sepsis is crucial for patient outcomes.

. The Sepsityper sample preparation method enables direct microbial identification of positive blood culture samples via matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS).

. The implementation of the Sepsityper method in the routine practice could represent a fundamental tool to achieve a prompt identification of the causative agent of bloodstream infections, and therefore accelerate the adoption of the proper antibiotic treatment.

In this study, the novel rapid workflow of the MALDI Biotypr Sepsityper kit (Bruker Daltonik GmbH, Germany) was evaluated using routine samples from a 2-year period (=6918), and dedicated optimized protocols for the microbial groups that were more difficult to identify were developed. Moreover, the use of the residual bacterial pellet to perform susceptibility testing using different methods (commercial broth microdilution, disc diffusion, gradient diffusion) was investigated.

The rapid Sepsityper protocol allowed the identification of 5470/6338 (86.3 %) monomicrobial samples at species level, with very good performance for all of the clinically most significant pathogens (2510/2592 enterobacteria, 631/669 and 223/246 enterococci were identified). , and yeasts were the most troublesome to identify, but the application of specific optimized protocols significantly improved their rate of identification (from 14.7–71.5 %, 47.8–89.7 % and 37.1–89.5 %, respectively). Specificity was 100 % (no identification was made for the false-positive samples). Further, the residual pellet proved to be suitable to investigate susceptibility to antimicrobials, enabling us to simplify the workflow and shorten the time to report.

The Rapid Sepsityper workflow proved to be a reliable sample preparation method for identification and susceptibility testing directly from positive blood cultures, providing novel approaches for accelerated diagnostics of bloodstream infections.

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/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.001268
2020-11-06
2021-07-27
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