1887

Abstract

Eugenol, the main component of clove bud essential oil () has been linked to antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, insecticidal and immunomodulatory properties. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antifungal and cytotoxic activity of eugenol, the essential oil of , and some semisynthetic derivatives of eugenol against dermatophytes of the genus .

We evaluated the antifungal effect of the compounds, determining the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) by the microdilution method and the minimum fungicidal concentrations by cultures from the inhibitions. Additionally, the inhibition of the radial growth of the mycelium of the dermatophyte fungi was tested by poisoned substrate. Cytotoxicity was measured by the colorimetric method on Vero cells.

All of the eugenol compounds tested exhibited antifungal properties, showing MICs of 62.5–500 µg ml , determined within three dermatophyte species: and . Among these derivatives, methyl isoeugenol, at concentrations of 300 and 100 µg ml, was found to completely inhibit (100 %) radial growth of the mycelium of all three species after 20 days of treatment. Additionally, phenotypic variations related to the decrease in pigment production of were observed after treatment with O-ethyl and O-butyl isoeugenol derivatives. Meanwhile, all of the tested (iso)eugenol molecules exhibited moderate toxicity in Vero cells [50 % cytotoxic concentration (the concentration required for a 50 % reduction in cell viability; CC): 54.06–265.18 µg ml ).

The results suggest that the semisynthetic eugenol derivatives (SEDs) show promising antifungal activity and selectivity against dermatophyte fungi.

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/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.001019
2019-07-01
2020-01-26
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