1887

Abstract

Dientamoebiasis is globally distributed and detected in a large number of subjects with diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, flatulence, fatigue and loss of appetite. The life cycle and transmission of Dientamoeba fragilis are poorly understood. Microscopic examination of permanent stained smears is traditionally employed to diagnose the infection. However, this approach is time-consuming and the success in detecting D. fragilis depends on the microscopist’s experience. Hence, only a few laboratories routinely carry out tests for D. fragilis. Consequently, the prevalence of D. fragilis infection is probably underestimated. Although novel, rapid and more sensitive diagnostic tests are becoming available for detecting intestinal parasites, they also possess some limitations. The aim of this study was to emphasize the importance of performing microscopic examination of permanent stained smears from at least one fresh stool specimen after sample arrival at the laboratory, as a mandatory practice for the diagnosis of dientamoebiasis, particulary where it is not possible to perform molecular assays.

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/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.000983
2019-05-03
2019-10-18
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