1887

Abstract

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is associated with serious lung disease in infants and immunocompromised individuals and is linked to development of asthma. Infection of RSV has been shown to induce Th lymphocyte differentiation. The present study was designed to determine the effects of RSV on the expression of Notch-1 and the related mechanisms on subsequent differentiation of Th lymphocytes.

A RSV-infected animal model was established and investigated at 7, 28 and 60 days post infection. Real-time qPCR and Western blot were used to observe the expression levels of Notch-1 in CD4 T cells and its five ligands in lung tissues. The methylation levels of CpG islands in autoimmune regulator (AIRE) and Notch-1 promoters were analysed by time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The differentiation of Th lymphocytes was assayed by real-time qPCR. The distribution of JAG1 and DLL3 in the lung tissues were assayed by immunohistochemistry. The correlation between Th17 and DLL3 was analysed by simple correlation.

The results showed that RSV promoted the expression and de-methylation of Notch-1 promoters in CD4 T cells. Moreover, RSV infection promoted Th1 differentiation at day 7 and day 28; Th17 differentiation at day 7, day 28 and day 60; Th2 differentiation at day 28 and day 60. At the same time, RSV infection promoted the expression of JAG1 and DLL3. Activation of Notch-1/ DLL 3 in lungs may be associated with the differentiation of Th17 lymphocytes.

Our data showed that activation of RSV stimulated the differentiation of Th17 in airway microenvironment through activation Notch-1/DLL3, which may be associated with the occurrence and development of RSV-induced asthma.

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/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.000959
2019-04-01
2020-01-19
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