1887

Abstract

Purpose. Bloodstream infections are major causes of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients worldwide. Early identification of micro-organisms from blood culture can facilitate earlier optimization of treatment. The objective of this study was to assess an in-house method based on a new matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) platform (Clin-TOF MS) for direct organism identification.

Methodology. We studied the performance of the in-house method for direct identification and the conventional sub-culture method in parallel. Identification from subcultures was analysed with Bruker MS as the reference method.

Results. A total of 666 blood cultures with a single micro-organism that flagged positive after no more than a 3-day incubation period were collected. The identification accuracy of the in-house Clin-TOF MS method for direct identification and the sub-culture method was 88.6 and 100 %, respectively. The in-house method exhibited better performance for Gram-negative bacteria than for Gram-positive bacteria (93.3 vs 81.6 %). The accuracy rate for anaerobes was 100 % (3/3). The lowest accurate identification rate was for yeast; this was only 20 %. Lytic Anaerobic/F (LAF) and Plus Aerobic/F (PAF) provided the highest accurate identification rates, and it was noteworthy that the accuracy rate for FAN Aerobic (FA) was 82 %, which is higher than previously reported and showed that the method was effective.

Conclusion. Our study provides an effective sample preparation method for the direct identification of pathogens from positive blood culture vials via Clin-TOF MS at a very low cost of about $0.5 per sample and with a short turnaround time of about 20 min. This will help clinicians make precise diagnoses and provide targeted prescriptions, reducing the risk of the potential development of resistance.

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/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.000866
2018-11-12
2019-10-14
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