1887

Abstract

Purpose. Fast identification of bacteria directly from positive blood cultures (BCs) by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass-spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) can be achieved either using the MALDI Sepsityper kit (protein extraction method) or after a short-term pre-cultivation step on solid medium. We developed a new method that involves short-term enrichment of positive BCs in brain–heart infusion broth (BHI) prior to MALDI-TOF MS analysis.

Methodology. Eighty-four BCs flagged as positive were included in this study; these were processed in parallel either directly using the MALDI Sepsityper kit or following a short-term culture either in BHI or on Columbia blood agar with 5 % sheep blood (CBA).

Results. Bacterial species were successfully identified in 91.6, 89.2 and 65.4 % of cases after pre-cultivation for 4 h in BHI, on CBA, or by using the MALDI Sepsityper kit, respectively. Overall, the mean incubation time to correct identification was shorter when pre-cultures were performed in BHI; the mean time for Gram-negative rods was 78.2 min in BHI and 108.2 min on CBA (P=0.045), and the mean time for Gram-positive cocci was 128.5 min in BHI and 169.6 min on CBA (P=0.013).

Conclusion. Short-term enrichment of BCs in BHI accelerates identification of a number of bacterial species by MALDI-TOF MS. Further prospective studies are needed to validate our method and gauge its potential clinical impact on the management of bloodstream bacterial infections.

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2017-11-14
2019-10-13
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