1887

Abstract

Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are opportunistic pathogens that particularly cause infections in patients with implanted medical devices. The present research was performed to study the virulence potential of 53 clinical isolates of , , , , and All clinical strains were clonally unrelated. Isolates carried genes encoding resistance to β-lactam () (15 %), aminoglycoside [(11 %), (15 %), (19 %)] and macrolide, lincosamide and streptogramin B (MLS) [(A) (4 %), (B) (13 %), (C) (41 %), (A) (11 %)] antibiotics. CoNS isolates (64 %) were able to form biofilms. Confocal laser scanning microscopy revealed that these biofilms formed a threedimensional structure composed mainly of living cells. All biofilm-positive strains carried the operon. studies demonstrated that a combination treatment with tigecycline and rifampicin was more effective against biofilms than one with ciprofloxacin and rifampicin. The minimum biofilm eradication concentration values were 0.062–0.5 µg ml for tigecycline/rifampicin and 0.250–2 µg ml for ciprofloxacin/rifampicin. All CoNS strains adhered to the human epithelial cell line HeLa, and more than half of the isolates were able to invade the HeLa cells, although most invaded relatively poorly. The virulence of CoNS is also attributed to their cytotoxic effects on HeLa cells. Incubation of HeLa cells with culture supernatant of the CoNS isolates resulted in cell death. The results indicate that the pathogenicity of , , , and is multi-factorial, involving the ability of these bacteria to adhere to human epithelial cells, form biofilms and invade and destroy human cells.

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2016-12-16
2022-12-01
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