1887

Abstract

is prevalent in broiler chicken production. However, the role of in the respiratory disease complex needs to be clarified. Our aim was to identify the time point when a infection appeared on a broiler farm and to examine the presence of other respiratory pathogens at that time. We focused on the ‘major’ respiratory pathogens occurring in Belgian broilers, namely infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), avian metapneumovirus (aMPV), , and , and examined their co-occurrence with on three commercial broiler farms. For all farms, 1-day-old broilers showed high maternal antibody titres against in the presence of viable . Maternal antibodies seemed to protect against respiratory signs. Maternal antibodies declined and clinical outbreaks could be identified serologically even before maternal antibodies completely disappeared. Mixed infections with genotypes B/C and B/C/D were observed. Broilers with antibody increases showed conjunctivitis, signs of upper respiratory disease and dyspnoea. always preceded an infection. Infections with aMPV, IBV or spp. were not observed. Evidence was provided that could occur at an early age in broilers without a predisposing respiratory infection. Both and should be considered when developing prevention strategies for respiratory disease in broilers.

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2015-05-01
2020-01-20
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