The induction of L-forms of by penicillin, amoxycillin and glycine has been studied on a nutrient-agar medium. The minimal inducing concentrations of the antibiotics were generally the same as their minimal inhibitory concentrations, but the addition of a sub-inducing concentration of glycine lowered the minimal inducing concentration of penicillin.

Preliminary observations have shown that L-forms are induced by penicillin or amoxycillin on a medium in which mucoid sputum forms the sole source of nutrients, and that they remain viable for at least 48 h in the absence of added osmotic stabiliser. The minimal inducing concentration on “sputum agar” is within the range of concentrations measured in sputum from patients receiving amoxycillin therapy.

The implications of these observations in relation to bactericidal therapy of haemophilus infections of the respiratory tract are discussed.


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