The capacity to differentiate serotype Enteritidis strains by PCR ribotyping; RAPD typing with three arbitrary primers and ribotyping with a mixture of I and I or ‘PS ribotyping’, was evaluated on a series of 65 strains associated with human infections and 11 reference strains. The series had been analysed previously by phage typing and ribotyping performed with I and I, separately. All methods typed all the strains; however, only ribotyping showed good reproducibility and sensitivity. Twenty-two PS ribotypes (discrimination index = 0.74) were identified, differentiating strains ascribed to seven phage types (PTs 1, 4, 6, 6a, 7, 8 and RDNC) as well as phage untyped strains. Conversely, some strains of PTs, 1, 4, 5a, 6, 6a, 7, 34 and RDNC showed the most frequent PS ribotype. By PCR ribotyping a single profile was found; while by RAPD typing, one, two or three RAPD types were identified with the primers MK22, OPB6 and OPB17, respectively. All Spanish strains were assigned to a single combined RAPD type, except PT11 strains which showed a different and specific RAPD type with OPB17. The banding patterns defining the PS ribotypes were interpreted more easily and the patterns could be compared more accurately than the banding patterns defining RAPD types. A similarity dendrogram generated from the 22 PS ribotypes was traced and compared with RAPD types and phage types. Data from this work indicated that ‘PS ribotyping’ was the most useful genetic procedure to differentiate Enteritidis strains, and, therefore, it can be used as a complementary or alternative typing method to phage typing within this serotype.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error