An exotoxin lethal to cells in culture (cytolethal toxin, CLT) was identified in culture filtrates of , the causative organism of melioidosis. CLT could pass through a 10-kDa cut-off ultrafilter and its properties suggest that it is a peptide. Isolates from soil, animals and man showed differential cytolethality . The isolates were divided into low, medium and high CLT producers with soil isolates being low producers and isolates from patients with melioidosis encephalitis being high producers. CLT levels are subject to regulation, as a strain isolated from an infected goat was one of the highest producers whereas the same strain isolated from soil was a low producer. In addition to CLT, all isolates produced a protein with cell-elongating activity which was also present in culture filtrates.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error