1887

Abstract

Summary

The presence of a Teflon catheter had no effect on the in-vitro activity of a range of antibacterial agents against slime producing and non-producing strains as determined by a microdilution assay. The susceptibility of attached to Teflon catheters for 6,24 and 48 h was also evaluated. MICs for planktonic and attached bacteria were similar. When bacteria attached to Teflon for 6 h were used as inocula, MBC values increased 32–8192-fold for the antibacterial agents tested. Similar results were observed when bacteria attached for 24 and 48 h were used as inocula. The activity of a high concentration (16 × MBC) of these antimicrobial agents against biofilms in Teflon catheters was evaluated ; for five slime non-producing strains, the highest reduction (around 99 %) in bacterial viability was produced by cloxacillin and teicoplanin; for the slime producers, the highest effect (99·5 % reduction) was shown by amikacin, clindamycin cloxacillin and ciprofloxacin but all cases still showed bacterial counts higher than 10 cfu/catheter segment. It is concluded that adherence of to Teflon catheters decreases the bactericidal activity of the antibacterial agents tested .

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1994-01-01
2022-01-24
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