Clearance of various bacteria isolated from portal and systemic blood of mice was evaluated and compared. All portal blood strains, including and enterococci were eliminated more rapidly from the circulation than were strains isolated from systemic blood, including With mannose-type lectin, mannose or fucose residues that mediated lectinophagocytosis were detected on the surfaces of most portal strains by agglutination tests. Blood clearance of H21 was inhibited by prior injection of mannose into mice, suggesting that the clearance of this strain was mediated by mannose-type lectin on the surface of tissue macrophages. However, no inhibition of clearance of any other strains was observed by the injection of mannose, galactose, or fucose into mice, nor by pre-incubation of bacteria with mannose. Blood clearance of some portal strains was significantly faster in CBA/J mice than in CBA/N mice with B cell immune deficiency, indicating that immunoglobulin was involved in their clearance. Among portal strains only enterococci showed high cell-surface hydrophobicity. These data suggest that initial bacterial blood clearance may be critical in determining whether latent portal bacteraemia progresses to systemic bacteraemia and that the rapid clearance of most strains is multifactorial.


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