1887

Abstract

Summary

A total of 2401 isolates of was isolated from respiratory secretions of 36 healthy adults and 128 patients with chronic bronchitis over a period of 1 year. The isolates were allocated to eight biotypes, by their production of indole, urease and ornithine decarboxylase. Biotypes I and II constituted most of the isolates of from the oropharynx of controls (75%) and chronic bronchitics ( 90%). Among the patients, there was no difference in the isolation rate between oropharyngeal swabs and sputum specimens. Biotypes III, IV, VI, VII and VIII were isolated less frequently, as was a new taxon defined here as bioptype V which does not produce indole, urease or ornithine decarboxylase. Biotype III was isolated significantly less frequently from cases of chronic bronchitis than from controls, whereas biotype II was isolated somewhat more frequently from the patients, especially during acute episodes.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-36-4-279
1992-04-01
2022-11-26
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/36/4/medmicro-36-4-279.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-36-4-279&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Black C. T., Kupferschmid J. P., West K. W., Grosfeld J. L. Haemophilus parainfluenzae infections in children, with the report of a unique case. Rev Infect Dis 1988; 10:342–346
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Albritton W. L. Infections due to Haemophilus species other than H. influenzae. Anna Rev Microbiol 1982; 36:199–216
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Cooney T. G., Harwood B. R., Meisner D. J. Haemophilus parainfluenzae thoracic emphysema. Arch Intern Med 1981; 141:940–941
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Oill P. A., Chow A. W., Guze L. B. Adult bacteremic Haemophilus parainfluenzae infections. Arch Intern Med 1979; 139:985–988
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Brunn B., Christensen J. J., Kilian M. Bacteremia caused by a beta-lactamase producing Haemophilus parainfluenzae strain of a new biotype. APMIS Sect B 1984; 92:135–138
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Frederiksen W., Kilian M. HaemophilusPasteurellaActinobacillus: their significance in human medicine. In Kilian M., Frederiksen W., Biberstein E. L. (eds) Haemophilus, Pasteurella and Actinobacillus London: Academic Press; 198139–55
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Kilian M., Sorensen I., Frederiksen W. Biochemical characteristics of 130 recent isolates from Haemophilus influenzae meningitis. J Clin Microbiol 1979; 9:409–417
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Kuklinska D., Kilian M. Relative proportions of Haemophilus species in the throat of healthy children and adults. Eur J Clin Microbiol 1984; 3:249–252
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Rhind G. B., Gould G. A., Ahmad F., Croughan M. J., Calder M. A. Haemophilus parainfluenzae and H. influenzae respiratory infections: comparison of clinical features. Br Med J 1985; 291:707–708
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Oberhofer T. R., Back A. E. Biotypes of Haemophilus encountered in clinical laboratories. J Clin Microbiol 1979; 10:168–174
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Roberts D. E., Higgs E., Cole P.J. Selective medium that distinguishes Haemophilus influenzae from Haemophilus parainfluenzae in clinical specimens: its value in investigating respiratory sepsis. J Clin Pathol 1987; 40:75–76
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Smith C.B., Golden C. A., Kanner R. E., Renzetti A. D. Haemophilus influenzae and Haemophilus parainfluenzae in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Lancet 1976; 1:1253–1255
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Wilson R., Pitt T., Rutman A., Roberts D., Cole P. Haemophilus influenzae and H. parainfluenzae slow and disorganise the beating of human cilia in vitro. Clin Sci 1986; 70: Suppl 13 Abstract no 26
    [Google Scholar]
  14. American Thoracic Society Definitions and classification of chronic bronchitis, asthma, and pulmonary emphysema: a statement by the Committee on Diagnostic Standards for Nontuberculous Respiratory Diseases. Am Rev Respir Dis 1962; 85:762–768
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Courcol R. J., Damien J. M., Ramon P., Voisin C., Martin G. R. Presence of alveolar macrophages as a criterion for determining the suitability of sputum specimens for bacterial culture. Eur J Clin Microbiol 1984; 3:122–125
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Kilian M. A rapid method for the differentiation of Haemophilus strains. The porphyrin test. Acta Path Microbiol Scand Sect B 1974; 82:835–842
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Kilian M. A taxonomic study of the genus Haemophilus, with the proposal of a new species. J Gen Microbiol 1976; 93:9–62
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Back A. E., Oberhofer T. R. Use of the Minitek system for biotyping Haemophilus species. J Clin Microbiol 1978; 7:312–313
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Kawakami Y., Okimura Y., Kanai M. Biochemical characterization of Haemophilus species with the Minitek differentiation system. J Clin Microbiol 1981; 14:579–581
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Steel K. J. The oxidase reaction as a taxonomic tool. J Gen Microbiol 1961; 25:297–306
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Kilian M., Biberstein E. L. Genus II: Haemophilus. In Kreig N. R., Hold J. G. (eds) Bergey’s Manual of systematic bacteriology vol 1 Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins; 1984558–569
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Evans N. M., Smith D. D. The effect of the medium and source of growth factors on the satellitism test for Haemophilus species. J Med Microbiol 1982; 5:509–514
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Kilian M. Haemophilus. In Lennette E. H., Balows A., Hausler W. J., Truant J. P. (eds) Manual of clinical microbiology 3rd edn Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology; 1980330–336
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Kilian M. The Genus Haemophilus. In Starr M. P., Stolp H., Triiper H. G., Balows A., Schleyel H. G. (eds) The prokaryotes. A handbook on habitats, isolation and identification of bacteria Berlin: Springer-Verlag; 19811371–1382
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Doem G. V., Chapin K. C. Determination of biotypes of Haemophilus influenzae and Haemophilus parainfluenzae. A comparison of methods and a description of a new biotype (VIII) of Haemophilus parainfluenzae. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 1987; 7:269–272
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Sturm A. W. Isolation of Haemophilus influenzae and Haemophilus parainfluenzae from genital-tract specimens with a selective culture medium. J Med Microbiol 1986; 21:349–352
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Butt H. L., Clancy R. L., Cripps A. W. Bacterial colonization of the respiratory tract in chronic bronchitis. Aust NZ J Med 1990; 20:35–38
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Watson K. C., Kerr E. J. C., Hinks C. A. Distribution of biotypes of Haemophilus influenzae and H parainfluenzae in patients with cystic fibrosis. J Clin Pathol 1985; 38:750–753
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Houang E., Philippou M., Ahmet Z. Comparison of genital and respiratory carriage of Haemophilus parainfluenzae in men. J Med Microbiol 1989; 28:119–123
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Albritton W. L. Species identification in Haemophilus infection. Rev Infect Dis 1988; 10:12–26
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Jones R. N., Slepack J., Bigelow J. Ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus paraphrophilus laryngo-epiglottitis. J Clin Microbiol 1976; 4:405–407
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-36-4-279
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-36-4-279
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error