1887

Abstract

Summary

A collection of strains representing all the currently recognised species of oral or viridans streptococci ( and ) were tested for the production of a range of glycosidase activities with 4-methylumbelliferyl-linked fluorogenic substrates, and for reactions in a range of conventional fermentation and hydrolytic tests. The resulting biochemical scheme, consisting of 14 tests, enabled the differentiation of all these species and distinguished three biotypes within . The scheme reported here represents an improvement over currently available schemes for the identification of viridans streptococci.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-35-6-367
1991-12-01
2022-01-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/35/6/medmicro-35-6-367.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-35-6-367&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Hardie JM, Marsh PD. Oral streptococci. Skinner FA, Quesnel LB. eds Streptococci Society for Applied Bacteriology Symposium Series No. 7. London, Academic Press; 1978380–383
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Colman G, Williams REO. Taxonomy of some human viridans streptococci. Wannamaker LW, Matsen JM. eds Streptococci and streptococcal diseases London: Academic Press; 1972281–299
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Facklam RR. Physiological differentiation of viridans streptococci. J Clin Microbiol 1977; 5:184–201
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Facklam RR. The major differences in the American and British Streptococcus taxonomy schemes with special reference to Streptococcus milleri. Eur J Clin Microbiol 1984; 3:91–93
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Hardie JM. Oral streptococci. Sneath PHA, Mair NS, Sharpe ME. eds Bergey’s Manual of systematic bacteriology 2 Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins; 19861054–1063
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Peterson EM, Shigei JT, Woolard A, De la Maza LM. Identification of viridans streptococci by three commercial systems. Am J Clin Pathol 1988; 90:87–91
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Beighton D, Hayday H, Russell RRB, Whiley RA. Streptococcus macacae sp. nov. from dental plaque of monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Int J Syst Bacteriol 1984; 34:332–335
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Coykendall AL. Proposal to elevate the subspecies of Streptococcus mutans to species status, based on their molecular composition. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1977; 27:26–30
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Coykendall AL. Streptococcussobrinus nom. rev. and Streptococcus férus nom. rev.: habitat of these and other mutans streptococci. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1983; 33:883–885
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Coykendall AL, Munzenmaier A J. Deoxyribonucleic acid base sequence studies on glucan-producing and glucan-negative strains of Streptococcus mitior. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1978; 28:511–515
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Coykendall AL, Specht PA. DNA base sequence homologies among strains of Streptococcus sanguis. J Gen Microbiol 1975; 91:92–98
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Coykendall AL, Wesbecher PM. Genetic relationships among some “viridans” streptococci. Lutticken R. ed10th Lancefield international symposium on streptococci and streptococcal diseases in press
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Farrow JAE, Collins MD. DNA base composition, DNADNA homology and long-chain fatty acid studies on Streptococcus thermophilus and Streptococcus salivarius. J Gen Microbiol 1984; 130:357–362
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Kilpper-Bälz R, Williams BL, Lütticken R, Schleifer KH. Relatedness of “Streptococcus milleri” with Streptococcus anginosus and Streptococcus constellatus. Syst Appl Microbiol 1984; 5:494–500
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Kilpper-Bälz R, Wenzig P, Schleifer KH. Molecular relationships and classification of some viridans streptococci as Streptococcus oralis and emended description of Streptococcus oralis (Bridge and Sneath 1982). Int J Syst Bacteriol 1985; 35:482–488
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Ludwig W, Seewaldt E, Kilpper-Bälz R. et al. The phylogenetic position of Streptococcus and Enterococcus. J Gen Microbiol 1985; 131:543–551
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Schleifer KH, Kilpper-Bälz R. Molecular and chemotaxonomic approaches to the classification of streptococci, enterococci and lactococci: a review. Syst Appl Microbiol 1987; 10:1–19
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Schmidhuber S, Kilpper-Bälz R, Schleifer KH. A taxonomie study of Streptococcus mitis, S. oralis, and S. sanguis. Syst Appl Microbiol 1987; 10:74–77
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Welborn PP, Hadley WK, Newbrun E, Yajko DM. Characterization of strains of viridans streptococci by deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization and physiological tests. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1983; 33:293–299
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Whiley RA, Fraser HY, Douglas CWI, Hardie JM, Williams AM, Collins MD. Streptococcus parasanguis sp. nov., an atypical viridans streptococcus from human clinical specimens. F EMS Microbiol Lett 1990; 68:115–122
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Whiley RA, Hardie JM. Streptococcus vestibularis sp. nov. from the human oral cavity. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1988; 38:335–339
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Whiley RA, Hardie JM. DNA-DNA hybridization studies and phenotypic characteristics of strains within the “Streptococcus milleri group”. J Gen Microbiol 1989; 135:2623–2633
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Whiley RA, Russell RRB, Hardie JM, Beighton D. Streptococcus downei sp. nov. for strains previously described as Streptococcus mutans serotype h. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1988; 38:25–29
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Coykendall AL. Classification and identification of the viridans streptococci. Clin Microbiol Rev 1989; 2:315–328
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Kilian M, Mikkelsen L, Henrichsen J. Taxonomie study of viridans streptococci; description of Streptococcus gordonii sp. nov. and emended descriptions of Streptococcus sanguis (White and Niven 1946), Streptococcus oralis (Bridge and Sneath, 1982) and Streptococcus mitis (Andrewes and Horder, 1906). Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989; 39:471–484
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Whiley RA, Beighton D. Emended descriptions and recognition of Streptococcus constellatus, Streptococcus intermedius, and Streptococcus anginosus as distinct species. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1991; 41:1–5
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Beighton D, Russell RRB, Whiley RA. A simple biochemical scheme for the differentiation of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus. Caries Res 1991; 25:174–178
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Whiley RA, Fraser H, Hardie JM, Beighton D. Phenotypic differentiation of Streptococcus intermedius, Streptococcus constellatus and Streptococcus anginosus within the “Streptococcus milleri group”. J Clin Microbiol 1990; 28:1497–1501
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Whiley RA. A taxonomie study of oral streptococci. PhD thesis London University: 1987
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Handley PS, Carter PL, Wyatt JE, Hesketh LM. Surface structures (peritrichous fibrils and tufts of fibrils) found on Streptococcus sanguis strains may be related to their ability to coaggregate with other oral genera. Infect Immun 1985; 47:217–227
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Beighton D, Russell RRB, Hayday H. The isolation and characterization of Streptococcus mutans serotype A from dental plaque of monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). J Gen Microbiol 1981; 124:271–279
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Beighton D, Whiley RA. Sialidase activity of the “Streptococcus milleri group” and other viridans group streptococci. J Clin Microbiol 1990; 28:1431–1433
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Douglas CWI, Pease AA, Whiley RA. Amylase-binding as a discriminator among oral streptococci. FEMS Microbiol Lett 1990; 66:193–198
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Shklair IL, Keene HJ. A biochemical scheme for the separation of the five varieties of Streptococcus mutans. Arch Oral Biol 1974; 19:1079–1081
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Aduse-Opoku J, Tao L, Ferretti JJ, Russell RRB. Biochemical and genetic analysis of Streptococcus mutans α-galactosid-ase. J Gen Microbiol 1991; 137:737–764
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Russell RRB, Aduse-Opoku J, Tao L, Ferretti JJ. A binding protein-dependent transport system in Streptococcus mutans. Dunny G, Cleary P, McKay L. eds Genetics and molecular biology of streptococci Washington: American Society for Microbiology; in press
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-35-6-367
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-35-6-367
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error