Exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) primes polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNL) for enhanced release of oxygen metabolities after subsequent stimulation. The metabolic response of human PMNL primed with LPS and stimulated with formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP) was measured by chemiluminescence (CL) as a parameter for endotoxic activity. Polymyxin B (PMB) and monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) with specificity for lipid A were tested for inhibition of the priming effect of Re LPS of R595, Rc LPS of J5 and smooth LPS of O111. The CL response of PMNL primed with Re LPS or Rc LPS was higher than that of PMNL primed with smooth LPS. Pre-incubation of rough or smooth LPS with PMB caused dosedependent inhibition of priming of PMNL. Two IgM MAbs, 8-2 and 26-20, which recognise different epitopes on the hydrophobic part of lipid A, also completely prevented priming of PMNL by either rough or smooth LPS. The dose-dependent inhibitory effect of both MAbs was similar to the inhibition by PMB. These results indicate that the binding of MAbs to the hydrophobic part of lipid A is important in blocking lipid A-mediated effects.


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