1887

Abstract

Summary

A marked increase in the prevalence of bacteraemia due to of serogroup O 15 was noted during November and December 1986 at Charing Cross Hospital. This multiresistant strain had been reported by several hospitals in south London. All isolates of from patients with bacteraemia between October 1986 and the end of September 1988 were assessed for the presence of the O 15 antigen and for the unusual pattern of resistance to six antimicrobial agents. As a guide to faecal carriage, isolates from urine were similarly assessed during seven 4-week periods between January 1987 and June 1988. Of the 123 isolates from blood, 25 (20%) were serogroup O 15 and 20 of these expressed the same pattern of multiresistance; 17 of these multiresistant isolates occurred in the 4-month period 1 Nov. 1986-28 Feb. 1987. During the remaining 19 months of the study only eight isolates were serogroup O 15 of which only three were multiresistant. In the first 4-week period that urine isolates were studied 21 Jan. 1987-17 Feb. 1987, 26 (13-2%) of the 195 isolates were serogroup O 15 of which 20 were multiresistant. The proportion of serogroup O 15 isolates fell gradually until, in June 1988, the last period studied, only 8 (4.2%) of the 189 isolates were serogroup O 15 of which only one was multiresistant. In a preliminary study of plasmids in six serogroup O 15 isolates from blood, three multiresistant isolates and one that was sensitive to chloramphenicol appeared to carry a similar plasmid of 100 Mda. A strain that expressed the multiresistance pattern except for tetracycline sensitivity carried four plasmids, the largest of which was 70 Mda. No plasmids were found in the one fully sensitive strain studied.

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/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-33-1-23
1990-09-01
2019-12-05
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