Fourteen hybridoma cell lines were isolated that produced monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to purified Verotoxins 1 and 2 (VT1, VT2) of of serotype O157:H7. Of these MAbs, eight were obtained by immunisation of BALB/c mice with purified VT1, and six were obtained from BALB/c mice immunised with purified VT2. With the exception of MAb 1C5, with a heavy chain of IgG class, antibodies produced from mice immunised with heat-treated toxin were of IgM class. MAbs produced from mice immunised with heat-treated VT1 or VT2 reacted with both verotoxins in ELISA, and Western-blot analysis revealed that they reacted with subunit A and the A fragment of nicked subunit A of both toxins, but not with subunit B; furthermore, none of them neutralised Vero cytotoxicity or mouse lethality of either toxin. In contrast, MAbs produced from mice immunised with heat-treated and formalin-treated VT1 reacted in Western blots with subunits A and B of VT1 and subunit A, but not subunit B, of VT2, reacted in ELISA with VT1 only, and neutralised Vero cytotoxicity and mouse lethality of VT1 but not of VT2. Results indicate the existence of a common epitope on subunit A of VT1 and VT2 that is not responsible for the biological activity of these toxins, and that subunit B is essential for the biological activity of VT1. MAbs capable of reacting with both verotoxins from of serotype O157:H7 may be useful reagents for screening bacterial isolates capable of producing one or both of these toxins.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error