has a very thin cell wall with a characteristic gram-negative staining pattern and an apparent lamellar structure when viewed at an oblique angle by electronmicroscopy. Examination at right angles to the cell-wall plane and by freeze-etching showed absence of an outer membrane or any other lamellar structure. Cell-wall extracts made by methods specific for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) gave negative reactions by silver staining and for endotoxin in the limulus amoebocyte lysate assay. 2-Keto-3-deoxy-D-manno-2-octonoic acid (KDO), heptose and hydroxy fatty acids specific for LPS were not detected in the extracts. cell walls are unequivocally gram-positive in their ultrastructural characteristics and chemical composition.


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