1887

Abstract

Summary

The prevalence of different types of diarrhoea-producing was measured in 273 patients attending 12 out-patient clinics in Bandar-Abbas, Stateof Hormozgan, Iran, during March 1984. Enteropathogenic (EPEC) belonging to 12 different serogroups, of which O128 and O126 were the most common, were found in almost 31% of the patients. Enterotoxigenic strains of (ETEC) were the next most frequent group (21.9%); among these, 36 (60%) strains produced heat-stable enterotoxin (ST), 14 (23.3%) strains produced both heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) and ST, and 10 (16.7%) strains produced LT only. The same pattern of toxigenicity was observed among the EPEC isolates. Ten of the 12 serogroups encountered in this study contained toxin producers, amongstwhich strains producing ST were dominant. Enteroinvasive (EIEC) strains were not isolated. These findings suggest that enterotoxin-producing may be an important cause of diarrhoea in this part of Iran.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-27-1-71
1988-09-01
2022-09-29
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/27/1/medmicro-27-1-71.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-27-1-71&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bhagwan Singh R., Kanaganayagy M., Lin E. 1975; Enteropatho-genic Escherichia coli in Malaysian children. South-east Asia Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 6:61–67
    [Google Scholar]
  2. De S. N., Chatterjee D. N. 1953; An experimental study of the mechanism of action of Vibrio cholerae on the intestinal mucous membrane. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology 66:559–562
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Dean A. G., Ching Y. C., Williams R. G., Harden L. B. 1972; Test for Escherichia coli enterotoxin using infant mice: application in a study of diarrhea in children in Honolulu. Journal of Infectious Diseases 125:407–411
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Echeverria P., Blacklow N. R., Sanford L. B., Cukor G. G. 1981; Travellers’ diarrhoea among American Peace Corps volunteers in rural Thailand. Journal of Infectious Diseases 143:767–771
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Edwards P. R., Ewing W. H. 1972; Identification of Enterobacter-iaceae. 3rd edn Burgess Publishing Co.; Minneapolis:
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Evans D. G. 1977; Enteropathogens associated with pediatric diarrhoea in Mexico City. Journal of Pediatrics 91:65–68
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Evans D. J., Evans D. G., Dupont H. L., Orskov F., Orskov I. 1977; Patterns of loss of enterotoxigenicity by Escherichia coli isolated from adults with diarrhea: Suggestive evidence for an interrelationship with serotype. Infection and Immunity 17:105–111
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Ganguly U., Sen D., Datta P., Pal S. C. 1980; Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli associated with diarrhoea in children and adults at a hospital in Calcutta. Indian Journal of Medical Research 71:498–500
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Gastrin B., Railings L. O., Marcetic A. 1968; The survival time for different bacteria in various transport media. Acta Pathologica et Microbiologica Scandinavica 74: (Section B) 371–380
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Guerrant R. L., Moore R. A., Kirschenfeld P. M., Sande M. A. 1975; Role of toxigenic and invasive bacteria in acute diarrhea of childhood. New England Journal of Medicine 293:567–573
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Gurwith M., Hinde D., Gross R., Rowe B. 1978; A prospective study of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli in endemic diarrheal disease. Journal of Infectious Diseases 137:292–297
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Gyles C., So M., Falkour S. 1974; The enterotoxin plasmids of Escherichia coli. Journal of Infectious Diseases 130:40–49
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Levine M. M. 1978; Escherichia coli strains that cause diarrhoea but do not produce heat-labile or heat-stable enterotoxins and are non-invasive. Lancet 1:1119–1122
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Merson M. H. 1976; Travelers’ diarrhea in Mexico: a prospective study of physicians and family members attending a congress. New England Journal of Medicine 294:1299–1305
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Merson M. H., Orskov F., Orskov I., Sack R. B., Huq I., Koster F. T. 1979; Relationship between enterotoxin production and serotype in enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Infection and Immunity 23:325–329
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Merson M. H. 1980; Disease due to enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in Bangladeshi adults: clinical aspects and a controlled trial of tetracycline. Journal of Infectious Diseases 141:702–711
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Mohadjer S., Bidanjiri A., Hafezi R., Hamidi A. H. 1982; The first report on the isolation of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli as a cause of infantile diarrhoea in Iran. Iranian Journal of Public Health 11:77–78
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Nalin D. R., McLaughlin J. C., Rahaman M., Yunus M., Curlin G. 1975; Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and idiopathic diarrhoea in Bangladesh. Lancet 2:1116–1119
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Reis M. H. L., Toledo M. R. F., Trabulsi L. R. 1979; Production of heat-stable enterotoxin by the 0128 serogroup of Escherichia coli. Infection and Immunity 24:289–290
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Robins-Browne R. M. 1987; Traditional enteropathogenic Escherichia coli of infantile diarrhea. Reviews of Infectious Diseases 9:28–53
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Rowe B., Scotland S. M., Gross R. J. 1977; Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli causing infantile enteritis in Britain. Lancet 1:90–91
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Ryder R. w. 1976; Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and rotavirus-like agent in rural Bangladesh. Lancet 1:659–663
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Ryder R. W. 1981; Travellers’ diarrhoea in Panamanian tourists in Mexico. Journal of Infectious Diseases 144:442–448
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Sack D. A., Merson M. H., Wells J. G., Sack R. B., Morris G. K. 1975; Diarrhoea associated with heat-stable enterotoxin producing strains of Escherichia coli. Lancet 2:239–241
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Sack D. A., McLaughlin J. C., Sack R. B., Orskov F., Orskov I. 1977; Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli isolated from patients at a hospital in Dacca. Journal of Infectious Diseases 135:275–280
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Sack R. B. 1975; Human diarrheal disease caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Annual Reviews of Microbiology 29:333–353
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Sen D. 1984; Studies on Escherichia coli as a cause of acute diarrhoea in Calcutta. Journal of Medical Microbiology 17:53–58
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Sereny B. 1955; Experimental shigella Keratoconjunctivitis. Acta Microbiologica Hungarica 2:193–196
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Smith H. W., Halls S. 1968; The transmissible nature of the genetic factor in Escherichia coli that controls enterotoxin production. Journal of General Microbiology 52:319–334
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Smith H. W., Gyles C. L. 1970; The effect of cell-free fluid prepared from cultures of human and animal enteropathogenic of Escherichia coli on ligated intestinal segments of rabbits and pigs. Journal of Medical Microbiology 3:403–409
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-27-1-71
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-27-1-71
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error