1887

Abstract

SUMMARY

One hundred and twenty six strains of streptococci isolated from the bloodstreams of 123 hospital in-patients—55 with endocarditis—and 255 strains isolated from the gingival crevices of 66 volunteers were characterised. Species isolated were , undifferentiated viridans streptococci, and . There was no significant difference between the distribution of species in blood and in the gingival crevice. and were found less frequently in blood than their presence in the gingival crevice would have suggested, whereas was found more frequently. This may indicate that is more invasive or that it enters the bloodstream from sources other than the gingival crevice.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-16-3-263
1983-08-01
2024-05-26
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/16/3/medmicro-16-3-263.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-16-3-263&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Ball L. C., Parker M. T. 1979; The cultural and biochemical characters of Streptococcus milleri strains isolated from human sources. Journal of Hygiene 82:63–78
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bender I. B., Pressman R. S. 1945; Factors in dental bacteraemia. Journal of the American Dental Association 32:836–853
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Burkiewicz B., Kalowski M. 1977; Streptococcal flora of normal and inflamed gingival pockets. Czasopismo Stomatologiczne 30:859–864 (in Polish)
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Carlsson J. 1965; Zooglea-forming streptococci, resembling Streptococcus sanguis isolated from dental plaque in ma n. Odontological Review 16:348–358
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Carlsson J. 1967; Presence of various types of non-haemolytic streptococci in dental plaque, and in other sites of the oral cavity in man. Odontological Review 18:55–74
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Carlsson J. 1968; A numerical taxonomic study of human oral streptococci. Odontological Review 19:137–160
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Colman G., Williams R. E. O. 1972; Taxonomy of some human viridans streptococci. In Streptococci and streptococcal diseases, recognition, understanding and management edited by Wannamaker L. W., Matsen J. M. Academic Press; New York: pp 281–299
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Cowan S. T. 1974 Cowan and Steele’s Manual for the identification of medical bacteria 2nd ed Cambridge University Press; Cambridge:
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Finland M., Barnes M. W. 1970; Changing aetiology of bacterial endocarditis in the antibacterial era. Experiences at Boston City Hospital 1933-1965. Annals of Internal Medicine 72:341–348
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Gibbons R. J., Socransky S. S., Sawyer S., Kapsimalis B., Macdonald J. B. 1963; The microbiota of the gingival crevice area of man. II. The predominant cultivable organisms. Archives of Oral Biology 8:281–289
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Gould K., Ramirez-Ronda C. H., Holmes R. K., Sanford J. P. 1975; Adherence of bacteria to heart valves in vitro. Journal of Clinical Investigation 56:1364–1370
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Horder T. J. 1909; Infective endocarditis. Quarterly Journal of Medicine 2:289–324
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Korn N. A., Schaffer E. M. 1962; A comparison of the post-operative bacteraemias induced following different periodontal procedures. Journal of Periodontology 33:226–231
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Lerner P. I., Weinstein L. 1966; Infective endocarditis in the antibiotic era. New England Journal of Medicine 274:199–206 259–266, 388–393
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Libman E., Celler H. L. 1910; The etiology of subacute infective endocarditis. American Journal of Medical Science 140:516–527
    [Google Scholar]
  16. McEntegart M. G., Porterfield J. S. 1949; Bacteraemia following dental extractions. Lancet 2:596–598
    [Google Scholar]
  17. McGowan D. A. 1979; Infective endocarditis and dentistry. Dental Update 6:195–203
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Moulsdale M. T., Eykyn S., Phillips I. 1979; Infective endocarditis 1970-78: a review of 81 patients with particular reference to streptococci. In Pathogenic streptococci edited by Parker M. T. Reedbooks, Chertsey; pp 229–231
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Okell C. C., Elliott S. D. 1935; Bacteraemia and oral sepsis, with special reference to the aetiology of subacute endocarditis. Lancet 2:869–872
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Parker M. T., Ball L. C. 1976; Streptococci and aerococci associated with systemic infection in man. Journal of Medical Microbiology 9:275–302
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Rabinovich S., Evans J., Smith I. M., January L. E. 1965; A longterm view of bacterial endocarditis, 337 cases 1924-1963. Annals of Internal Medicine 63:185–198
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Ramirez-Ronda C. H. 1978; Adherence of glucan positive and glucan-negative streptococcal strains to normal and damaged heart valves. Journal of Clinical Investigation 62:805–814
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Ramirez-Ronda C. H. 1980; Effects of molecular weight of dextran on the adherence of Streptococcus sanguis to damaged heart valves. Infection and Immunity 29:1–7
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Russell C., Melville T. H. 1978; A review: Bacteria in the human mouth. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 44:163–181
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Scheld W. M., Valone J. A., Sande M. A. 1978; Bacterial adherence in the pathogenesis of endocarditis. Interaction of bacterial dextran, platelets and fibrin. Journal of Clinical Investigation 61:1394–1404
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Shinebourne E. A., Cripps C. M., Hayward G. W., Shooter R. A. 1969; Bacterial endocarditis 1956-1965: Analysis of clinical features and treatment in relation to prognosis and mortality. British Heart Journal 31:536–542
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Wickremesinghe R., Russell C. 1976; Viridans streptococci associated with periapical dental abscesses. Infection 4:196–203
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Williams B. L., Pantalone R. M., Sherris J. C. 1976; Subgingival microflora and periodontitis. Journal of Periodontal Research 11:1–18
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-16-3-263
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-16-3-263
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error