1887

Abstract

SUMMARY

The effects of dietary carbohydrates on the adherence of to HeLa epithelial monolayers and buccal epithelial cells were compared by two assay systems. preincubated in 0·5m, glucose, sucrose, galactose, xylitol or maltose medium produced a significant enhancement in adhesion to both types of epithelial cells. Maltose was the most effective sugar and glucose the least effective in promoting adhesion, while lactose had no significant effect. A clinical isolate of demonstrated a greater overall enhancement in adhesion from preincubation with glucose, sucrose and maltose, when compared with a reference laboratory strain of . These results imply that exogenous or endogenous carbon sources may affect the oral and vaginal carriage of , by modifying their adhesive properties.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-15-4-511
1982-11-01
2022-08-11
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/15/4/medmicro-15-4-511.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-15-4-511&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Barlow A. J. E., Chattaway F. W. 1969; Observations on the carriage of Candida albicans in man. British Journal of Dermatology 81:103–106
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Birkhed D., Fuchs G. 1975; Influence of sugar content in soft bread on pH of human dental plaque. Acta Odontologica Scandanavica 33:59–66
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Douglas L. J., Houston J. G., McCourtie J. 1981; Adherence of Candida albicans to human buccal epithelial cells after growth on different carbon sources. FEMS Microbiology Letters 12:241–243
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Gibbons R. J. 1980 Adhesion of bacteria to surfaces of the mouth. Microbial adhesion to surfaces edited by Berkeley R. C. W., Lynch J. M., Melling J. M., Rutter P. R., Vincent B. Ellis Horwood; Chichester:351–388
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Hurley R., Stanley V. C, Leask B. G. S., De Louvois J. 1974 Microflora of the vagina during pregnancy. The normal microbial flora of man edited by Skinner F. A., Carr J. G. Academic Press; London:155–185
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Kimura L. H., Pearsall N. N. 1978; Adherence of Candida albicans to human buccal epithelial cells. Infection and Immunity 21:64–68
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Kimura L. H., Pearsall N. N. 1980; Relationship between germination of Candida albicans and increased adherance to human buccal epithelial cells. Infection and Immunity 28:464–468
    [Google Scholar]
  8. King R. D., Lee J. C., Morris A. L. 1980; Adherence of Candida albicans and other Candida species to mucosal epithelial cells. Infection and Immunity 27:667–678
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Knight L., Fletcher J. 1971; Growth of Candida albicans in saliva: stimulation by glucose associated with antibiotics, corticosteroids and diabetes mellitus. Journal of infectious Diseases 123:371–377
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Koulourides T., Bodden R., Keller S., Manson-Hing L., Lastra J., Housch T. 1976; Cariogenicity of nine sugars tested with an intra-oral device in man. Caries Research 10:427–441
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Liljemark W. F., Gibbons R. J. 1973; Suppression of Candida albicans by human oral streptococci in gnotobiotic mice. Infection and Immunity 8:846–849
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Lodder J. 1970 The yeasts: a taxonomie study. , 2nd. North Holland; Amsterdam:1385
    [Google Scholar]
  13. McCourtie J., Douglas L. J. 1981; Relationship between cell surface composition of Candida albicans and adherence to acrylic after growth on different carbon sources. Infection and Immunity 32:1234–1241
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Mackenzie D. W. R. 1962; Serum tube identification of Candida albicans. Journal of clinical Pathology 15:563–565
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Mörmann J. E., Mühlemann H. R. 1981; Oral starch degradation and its influence on acid production on human dental plaque. Caries Research 15:166–175
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Odds F. C. 1979 Candida and candidosis. Leicester University Press; Leicester:43
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Ofek I., Beachey E. H. 1980 General concepts and principles of bacterial adherence in animals and man. Bacterial adherence edited by Beachey E. H. Chapman and Hall; London:1–29
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Olsen I., Birkeland J. M. 1976; Initiation and aggravation of denture stomatitis by sucrose rinses. Scandinavian Journal of dental Research 84:94–97
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Page L., Friend B. 1975 Level of use of sugars in the United States. Sugars in nutrition edited by Sipple H. L., McNutt K. W. Academic Press; New York:93–107
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Ritchie G. M., Fletcher A. M., Main D. M. G., Prophet A. S. 1969; The aetiology, exfoliative cytology and treatment of denture stomatitis. Journal of prosthetic Dentistry 22:185–200
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Russell C., Jones J. H. 1973; Effects of oral inoculation of the yeast and mycelial phases of Candida albicans in rats fed on normal and carbohydrate rich diets. Archives of oral Biology 18:409–412
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Samaranayake L. P. 1981; Pathogenic mechanisms in oral candidosis with particular reference to chronic atrophic candidosis. DDS thesis University of Glasgow;
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Samaranayake L. P., McCourtie J., MacFarlane T. W. 1980; Factors affecting the in vitro adherence of Candida albicans to acrylic surfaces. Archives of oral Biology 25:611–625
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Samaranayake L. P., MacFarlane T. W. 1980; An in vitro study of the adherence of Candida albicans to acrylic surfaces. Archives of oral Biology 25:603–609
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Samaranayake L. P., MacFarlane T. W. 1981; The adhesion of the yeast Candida albicans to epithelial cells of human origin in vitro. Archives of oral Biology 26:815–820
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Samaranayake L. P., MacFarlane T. W. 1982; Factors affecting the in vitro adherence of the fungal pathogen Candida albicans to epithelial cells of human origin. Archives of oral Biology 27:869–873
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Scheinin A., Mäkinen K. K., Ylitalo K. 1976; Turku sugar studies V. Final report on the effect of sucrose, fructose and xylitol diets on the caries incidence in man. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica 34:179–216
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Siegel S. 1956 Non-parametric statistics for the behavioral sciences. McGraw Hill Book Company; New York:75–83
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Sklavounou A., Germaine G. R. 1980; Adherence of oral streptococci to keratinized and non-keratinized human oral epithelial cells. Infection and Immunity 27:686–689
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Sobel J. D., Myers P. G., Kaye D., Levison M. E. 1981; Adherence of Candida albicans to human vaginal and buccal epithelial cells. Journal of infectious Diseases 143:76–82
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Stewart-Tull D. E. S. 1964; Evidence that vaginal lactobacilli do not ferment glycogen. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 88:676–679
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Tapper-Jones L. M., Aldred M. J., Walker D. M., Hayes T. M. 1981; Candidal infections and populations of Candida albicans in mouths of diabetics. Journal of clinical Pathology 34:706–711
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Varian S. A., Cooke E. M. 1980; Adhesive properties of Escherichia coli from urinary-tract infections. Journal of medical Microbiology 13:111–119
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Weibel E. R. 1969; Stereological principles for morphometry in electron microscopic cytology. International Review of Cytology 26:235–302
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Weinstein I. W., Duke L. B., Peters R. S., Bahn A. N. 1960; Candida albicans in the saliva of diabetics. Journal of dental Research 39:656
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Williams R. C., Gibbons R. J. 1975; Inhibition of streptococcal attachment to receptors on human buccal epithelial cells by antigenically similar salivary glycoproteins. Infection and Immunity 11:711–718
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-15-4-511
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-15-4-511
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error